(solution) You must answer three out of eight questions: You choose!!! At

(solution) You must answer three out of eight questions: You choose!!! At

see the document attached 

You must answer three out of eight questions:  You choose!!!  At least one question must be either 6, 7 or 8.  Each answer should not be less than a page and not more than two pages.  Be sure to demonstrate a clear understanding of theories and critical thinking skills.  use online academic philosophy resources.  No more than 6 pages total

You must answer three out of eight questions: You choose!!! At least one question must be either 6, 7
or 8. Each answer should not be less than a page and not more than two pages. Be sure to demonstrate a
clear understanding of theories and critical thinking skills. Standard rules of academic honesty and
academic writing apply. use online academic philosophy resources. No more than 6 pages total!
Question One: Many of you have probably hear about the global refugee crisis that has surpassed the
crisis during World War 2. Most of the refugees are Syrian, fleeing the dictatorship of Bashar al-Assad and
the Islamic State (aka: ISIS, ISIL) that have caused over 200,000 deaths over the last 5 years and the
displacement of 10million people. You can see the data on 4.3million Syrian refugees here:
http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/regional.php Global support for refugees has been declared by
many leaders and communities. Most refugees are entering Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey, as well as
European countries. Some European countries are violating international laws on human rights by
refusing entry to refugees into their country. Remember that the UN Convention and Protocol on
Refugees (1951/1967) establishes the right of refugees to enter other countries and receive equal rights
and resources. The United States has been for many decades politically, militarily and economically
involved in the Middle East and a longtime beneficiary member of the United Nations. The United Nations
and the international community has called on the USA to share in the responsibility of the crisis by
resettling at a minimum 65,000 Syrian refugees this year (2015) and next (2016). This is a very small
percentage of the 4.3million refugees given the huge size and economy of the United States. So far, over
85,000 Syrian refugees have applied for resettlement in the United States and only about 2,000 have been
resettled. President Obama has pledged 10,000 (only about 15% of what is being asked), yet like
European countries and others denying refugees the right of resettlement, 29 governors of 29 states in
the USA have said that they would deny admission and support for Syrian refugees, whereas only 9 states
(including Minnesota) have expressed support for relocating refugees. This is a growing national issue,
with presidential candidates taking opposing sides as well.
The question here is: do you believe that the United States has a moral obligation to resettle 65,000
Syrian refugees? Why or why not? I want you to choose the strongest theory of justice that you agree with
from the 4 African theories of justice to argue FOR or AGAINST this question. You may also integrate
elements/sources from Islamic Ethics in your answer as well. Be sure to give at least 3 reasons to support
your position, and it may be necessary for you to do some research on this issue as well.
Question Two: In 2005, the shack-dwellers movement known as Abahlali baseMjondolo in South Africa
emerged and has become one of the largest movements by poor communities to gain land, economic rights,
housing and work throughout South Africa. Largely based in urban areas such as Durban and Cape Town, the
movement has attracted serious political and scholarly attention. They are not just a movement for economic
rights ? they are also extremely interested in and developing ideas in philosophy (they have their own
shackdwellers university!) For this essay, I want you to do research on the movement and their ideas. Their
website is www.abahlali.org where you can find essays, videos, news, etc? on this website. A good
introduction to the movement is under the ?Introduction? section called ?We are the Third Force? by S?bu
Zikode. Documentaries have been made on the movement such as the award-winning ?Dear Mandela? (which
you can watch on youtube; it is 93 minutes total). After doing this research, I want you to first explain how
this movement uses African theories of Ubuntu and African Socialism in their writings and activism. Second,
how does this movement benefit from these African theories? How are these theories helpful in a movement? Question Three: We are all familiar with the urgency of global climate change, especially in light of the
current United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris, France, taking place right now. I want you to
think about the relationship between the movement and ideas of PanAfricanism and the debates and
responsibilities around climate change. More and more we see African people using PanAfricanist
philosophy in their struggles for environmental justice and climate equity, such as the Africa Climate Talks
(ACTs), Pan Africanist Climate Justice Alliance (est. 2008 see: pacja.org) and the 8 th Meeting of the Pan
Africanist Congress in South Africa held in January, 2014. More locally, grassroots organizations such as
Afro Eco are applying PanAfricanism to climate change and sustainability. We know that industrial
countries such as the United States, China, India, Russia, Germany and Brazil contribute the most climate
emissions and environmental destruction, yet people in poorer areas such as in Africa, Latin America and
the Pacific Islands have been and will be hit the hardest by the effects of climate change ? such as in
droughts, deforestation, coastal destruction, submerged islands, etc… The ethical issue is that countries
most responsible for global climate change will suffer least, and those least responsible will suffer most.
We know that industrial countries are grossly dependent on cheap non-renewable energy, such as oil and
nuclear, and that changing to renewable energy can be very expensive and unpopular especially when it
demands radical lifestyle changes and reducing your standard of living. For poor countries who need to
increase their development, on the other hand, there are often not the resources to adapt or survive
climate change. Perhaps most problematic is that in Paris, the decisions on climate change are often
dominated by the politics, economics and perspectives of the richest highly industrial countries. Given
what you have learned about Pan-Africanism, how can PanAfricanism help understand the political and
economic power dynamics of addressing climate change for African nations? How might PanAfricanism
be a philosophy to enable African countries to have more power and voice in these debates? Give three
ideas how you believe PanAfricanism could contribute to African people confronting climate change.
Think hard on this one.
Question Four: Some of you are involved with the Black Lives Matter movement that began in 2012 after
the death of Travon Martin. The organizers and activists for BLM see this as a ?movement? rather than a
?moment?. Read through their website www.blacklivesmatter.com and learn about the history, data,
activism and demands of the movement. Many have said that social movements require not just activism
but a philosophy and moral principles to give them longevity and effectiveness. This was certainly true for
the Black Consciousness Philosophy and Movement in South Africa. I want you to look through again at
the essays by Steve Biko in I Write What I Like. How might the theory of Black Consciousness and the
Black Consciousness Movement be useful to understanding and supporting the Black Lives Matter
movement in the United States? Give at least 3 concrete connections and applications from the Biko
essays and the Black Lives Matter movement.
Question Five: On July 14th, 2015, President Barack Obama gave a speech at the 106th National
Convention of the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People, est. 1909)
where he focused on the rampant injustices within the criminal justice system and recommended changes
in policing, sentencing, drug crimes, rehabilitation and other issues. Many have said that this is
unprecedented for a sitting president to call for these kinds of changes. For this question, watch his
speech here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UBkFE3sErE8 After you have watched his speech, I
want you to explain 3 injustices in the criminal justice system that he mentions and give reasons why you
agree or disagree with his view. Be sure to make use of an African theory of justice or Islamic Ethics you
have learned about in this class. Second, I want you to explain what you believe is the single most important recommendation for change that you heard in the video and why that recommendation would
potentially change some of the injustices in the criminal justice system. Be thoughtful and creative!!!
Question Six: You have been learning general theories of justice in this class such as PanAfricanism,
Capabilities, Ubuntu, etc? You have also been learning about how scholars engage issues of justice within
Islamic Ethics. Sometimes, people think about the general theories as separate from Islamic Ethics.
What, in your view, is a good relationship between general theories of justice and the specifics of Islamic
Ethics? In other words, how might scholars doing Islamic Ethics make use of general theories of justice?
Finally, choose one issue of justice that you are passionate about and apply both a general theory of justice
you believe is strong and elements of Islamic Ethics for that particular issue. How would a general theory
of justice and Islamic Ethics would work together to understand and apply to the particular issue you
have chosen?
Question Seven: The Muslim veil (particularly the niqab) has become a significant debate in European
countries and elsewhere. In the early 20th century, the Muslim veil was banned in Turkey and Iran as part
of secular movements (this was changed in Iran after their revolution). Since 2011, European countries
including France, Italy, Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands have laws that ban the Muslim veil in
different contexts and countries such as Canada are debating these. Chad recently banned the Muslim veil
and Tunisia as well. Watch this interesting CNN debate between two Muslim scholars:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kWJRam64dQY In Sadiyya Shaikh?s essay in Progressive Muslims,
she gives a definition of ?Islamic Feminism? from the perspective of a South African Muslim woman. First,
what is ?Islamic Feminism? according to Shaikh and how does this differ from ?First World? feminisms in
Europe and the United States? Second, why do people think that the veil is a symbol of oppression?
Third, using Islamic Feminism, how might the practice of veiling be a way for women to be more human
and more free?
Question Eight: Muslims in the United States face the highest reports of religious discrimination and
hate crimes than any other religious group, and thousands of hate crimes (including murder and
violence) have been reported in the past few years. As you read the essays in Progressive Muslims on
religious freedom and politics, these scholars cite verses in the Quran, stories in the life of the Prophet
Muhammad and contemporary issues of politics to show how Islamic ethics supports religious freedom
and pluralism. How does Islamic ethics support religious freedom and religious pluralism according to
your book? Be sure to give some good examples from the Quran and Hadith or personal experiences that
they include in their essays. Also ? do you believe an Islamic ethical approach to religious freedom and
pluralism is necessary in the United States? Why?