(solution) i need help with this project, its an Aircraft performance ASCI

(solution) i need help with this project, its an Aircraft performance ASCI

i need help with this project, its an Aircraft performance ASCI 310 Class 

Page 1 of 6 ASCI 310: Aircraft Performance Research Project
Objectives
One of the requirements for this course is an Aircraft Performance Research Project that
entails planning a flight from Denver International Airport (KDEN) to Chicago O'Hare
International Airport (KORD) for a given aircraft, weather conditions, and assumptions. The
objective is to apply what has been learned throughout this course. Drawing on aeronautics
theory and using the performance charts and equations presented in the course, each student is
to answer a sequence of questions that step through the planning process. Remember, as with
all of the exercises, all work (calculations) must be shown as much as possible. After all of the
questions have been answered, the next task is to create a two-dimensional representation of
the flight path showing the airspeeds, distance, fuel burned, and fuel remaining for the Takeoff,
Climb, Cruise, Descent, and Approach phases of the flight.
Project Files – Save all of the files to your computer or a memory device for ready access
outside of this course. In Week 5, familiarize yourself the project files to get an idea of the
expectations. Much of the knowledge and skills for solving this project are covered in Modules
6 through 8.
Here are some important notes for this project:
1. Max takeoff weight may not be realized taking off from a high-density altitude airfield.
2. To find out how many passengers you can transport, you need to know how much fuel
you need for the flight.
3. Make sure you don?t exceed the max landing weight.
4. You might have to do some iterative calculations to complete the profile.
5. Show your work as much as possible.
6. Answers can vary due to chart interpretations and because one wrong answer will
carry throughout the project. Consequently, this will be considered in the grading.
Deadline
The Aircraft Performance Research Project is due by the last day of the course. The
deliverable (answers and flight profile) must be submitted using the activity link in Module 9.
You may submit the deliverable as a Microsoft Word or PowerPoint file or an Adobe PDF file. This document was developed for online use in ASCI 310.
File Name: ASCI_310_Project_4_15 Page 2 of 6 Project Evaluation
The completed Project will be evaluated using this Project Evaluation Rubric on a 0 to
100-pt scale. The score on the project is worth 15% of the course grade.
Evaluation
Questions Description
There are eight sections. Except for questions 6.1 and 8.1, each
question in each section is worth 1.5 points. Points
69 Question 6.1 Find Maximum passengers/baggage and fuel required for the flight. 3 Question 8.1 Find average takeoff acceleration using takeoff ground roll and VR. 3 Flight Profile
Style Two-dimension representation of the flight path showing airspeed,
altitude, time, distance, and fuel burned and remaining for each
flight segment.
Overall Presentation
Total Possible Score Aircraft
Engines
Max Ramp Gross Weight
Max Takeoff Gross Weight
Max Landing
Empty Weight Including Aircrew
Estimated Wing Area
Glide Ratio at (L/D)max
Max Fuel
Max Passengers 15
10
100 Aircraft Information
C-9B
Twin JT8D-9 engines rated at 14,500 lb static sea level
111,000 lb
110,000 lb
99,000 lb
60,000 lb
1300 ft2
17/1
38,000 lb
90 This document was developed for online use in ASCI 310.
File Name: ASCI_310_Project_4_15 Page 3 of 6 Start/Taxi Fuel
Takeoff Fuel Burn
Approach Fuel Burn
Average Weight per Passenger
including Baggage Assumptions
300 lb
700 lb
300 lb / approach
225 lb/per person Start/Taxi Fuel +Takeoff Fuel + Climb Fuel + Cruise Fuel +
Descent Fuel + Approach Fuel + 30 min reserve at Cruise
Speed/Fuel Flow
KDEN Denver International Airport and Weather Information
Winds
160 deg @ 20 kts
Barometric Altimeter Setting
29.32
Temperature
+30 deg
KORD Chicago International Airport and Weather Information
Winds
320 deg @ 25 kts
Barometric Altimeter Setting
30.52
Temperature
0 ºC
Winds and Temperature Aloft
Cruise FL350 Winds
240 deg @ 100 kts Temperature Standard
Climb-Assume
No Winds & Temperature is ISA +15 ºC for the Climb
Fuel Required SECTION 1: Takeoff Questions at KDEN
Note. Assume Flaps at 15 deg.
1.1. (1.5 pts) Find Maximum Takeoff Weight for the given conditions. Assume takeoff is at Max
Recommended Takeoff weight accounting for Density altitude (see Figure 11-21).
1.2. (1.5 pts) Find Takeoff Speeds: V1, V2, VR (see Figure 11-25). Assume Min Speed due to
VMCG Requirements is OK.
1.3. (1.5 pts) Find Flap Retraction Speed (KIAS).
1.4. (1.5 pts) Find Slat Retraction Speed (KIAS).
1.5. (1.5 pts) Find Critical Field Length (ft).
1.6. (1.5 pts) Find Distance to Accelerate and Stop with a Single Engine Failure at V1 (ft).
1.7. (1.5 pts) Find Distance to Liftoff with Single Engine Failure at V1 and continue Takeoff (ft).
1.8. (1.5 pts) Find Two Engine Takeoff Ground Roll (ft).
1.9. (1.5 pts) Is the runway long enough at KDEN to safely takeoff? This document was developed for online use in ASCI 310.
File Name: ASCI_310_Project_4_15 Page 4 of 6 SECTION 2: Climb Questions (Long Range Climb to FL350)
Hint. Remember, the aircraft is taking off at a higher pressure altitude!
2.1. (1.5 pts) Find Climb Schedule (Airspeed/Mach to be flown in the Climb).
2.2. (1.5 pts) Find Time to Climb (min).
2.3. (1.5 pts) Find Distance to Climb (nm).
2.4. (1.5 pts) Find Fuel for Climb (lb).
SECTION 3: Cruise Questions (Long Range Cruise at FL350) KDEN – KORD
Note. Assume no anti-ice and two engines.
3.1. (1.5 pts) Find Cruise Indicated Airspeed (KIAS).
3.2. (1.5 pts) Find Cruise True Airspeed (KTAS).
3.3. (1.5 pts) Find Cruise Ground Speed (KGS).
3.4. (1.5 pts) Find Total Cruise Fuel Flow (lb/hr). Note, fuel flow listed is for each engine.
3.5. (1.5 pts) Find Cruise Mach (M).
3.6. (1.5 pts) Find Cruise Specific Range (nm/1000lb).
3.7. (1.5 pts) Find Maximum Level Flight Speed: Max Thrust at the Top of Climb Weight.
SECTION 4: Descent Questions (Long Range Optimum Descent from FL350)
4.1. (1.5 pts) Find Decent Schedule (Airspeed/Mach to be flown in the Descent).
4.2. (1.5 pts) Find Time to Descent (min).
4.3. (1.5 pts) Find Fuel for Descent (lb).
4.4. (1.5 pts) Find Distance for Descent (nm).
SECTION 5: Holding and Endurance
5.1. (1.5 pts) Find Max endurance and holding speed for aircraft at GW 75k lb @10k ft Pressure
Altitude. This document was developed for online use in ASCI 310.
File Name: ASCI_310_Project_4_15 Page 5 of 6 SECTION 6: Approach and Landing (Flaps 50 deg) KORD
6.1. (3 pts) Find Maximum passengers/baggage and fuel required for flight.
Hint: Find fuel for each segment of the flight plus reserves, and then subtract from Max
Recommended Takeoff weight determined in Section 1. Then divide allowable Weight by
passenger Cargo Weight.
6.2. (1.5 pts) Find Reference Speed for predicted Landing Weight (KIAS).
6.3. (1.5 pts) Find Final Approach speed with 50 deg flaps (KIAS).
6.4. (1.5 pts) Find Landing Distance Full Anti-Skid/ No Reverse Thrust/Full Spoilers (ft).
6.5. (1.5 pts) Find Max Angle of Bank for Stick Shaker at Vref +5 for predicted Landing Weight.
SECTION 7: Lost Airspeed Indication before Descent
7.1. (1.5 pts) Find Cruise FL350 Target Pitch Attitude and %N1.
7.2. (1.5 pts) Find Descent Profile.
7.3. (1.5 pts) Find Terminal Area Flight Profile (0 deg Flaps).
7.4. (1.5 pts) Find Final Approach Profile (50 deg Flaps).
SECTION 8: Additional Performance Questions
8.1. (3 pts) Find average takeoff acceleration using takeoff ground roll and VR. (Hint. Convert
VR to KTAS and then to Ground Speed.)
8.2. (1.5 pts) Find average drag on takeoff roll assuming constant thrust. Account for reduced
thrust at higher density altitude: Use Equation 6.5, let x = 0.8, and constant rolling friction.
Assume no lift on wings until rotation. F ma T D f 8.3. (1.5 pts) Find Stall Speed (KIAS) at Takeoff weight with flaps at 15 deg and slats extended.
8.4. (1.5 pts) Find CLMAX at Takeoff weight with flaps at 15 deg and slats extended.
8.5. (1.5 pts) Find Stick Shaker Speed (KIAS) at Takeoff weight with Flaps at 15 deg and slats
extended.
8.6. (1.5 pts) Find CL at Stick Shaker Speed with flaps at 15 deg and slats extended.
8.7. (1.5 pts) Find Airspeed Envelope Maximum and Minimum Mach for Wings Level, GW
80,000 lb, and FL350 based on Buffet Boundary.
8.8. (1.5 pts) Find Maximum Load factor (g) and AOB at FL350 and GW 80,000 lb for buffet free
flight. This document was developed for online use in ASCI 310.
File Name: ASCI_310_Project_4_15 Page 6 of 6 8.9. (1.5 pts) Find Initial Climb Gradient for Takeoff Conditions for a single engine.
8.10. (1.5 pts) Find Initial Rate of Climb for a single-engine takeoff
8.11. (1.5 pts) Find Excess Thrust (lb) for initial single engine climb. Assume V= 1.23 Vs and V
is converted to TAS.
8.12. (1.5 pts) If both engines flameout at FL350 125 nm prior to Chicago, and you fly at best
glide speed, will you make Chicago on a flameout approach?
8.13. (1.5 pts) Find Drag (Thrust Required) at (L/D)max at Sea Level Takeoff weight.
8.14. (1.5 pts) Find Temperature Ram Rise at Cruise Mach for a standard temperature probe
assuming 100% recovery. This document was developed for online use in ASCI 310.
File Name: ASCI_310_Project_4_15