(solution) This is from an Intro Research class, there is not a course

(solution) This is from an Intro Research class, there is not a course

This is from an Intro Research class, there is not a course choice as such. The text used is Research and Medical Literature for Health Professionals”. The Vocabulary words should be matched to the definitions.

DIE 4564 Review / self-test NAME:__________________________ REVISE BEFORE REUSE!!! Match the words below with the following definitions.
1. _________________ – knowledge based on shared cultural understandings
2. _________________ – a systematic explanation devised and tested that explains a group of facts or
phenomena.
3. _________________ – belief that if something happens more frequently than normal during some
4.
5.
6.
7. period, then it will happen less frequently in the future
_________________ – Relying on or derived from observation or experiment
_________________ – Collecting and analyzing new data as a type of research
_________________ – a statistical relationship between two variables
_________________ – participants in a study change their behavior for the better simply because they know they are being observed
8. _________________ – a systematic and logical method of inquiry
9. _________________ – knowledge based on the status of the discoverer
10. _________________ – a pre-defined systematic set of procedures or technique used to accomplishing
something
11. _________________ – those things we ?know? as part of the culture we share with those around us
12. _________________ – frame of reference through which to observe and understand
13. _________________ – neither the participants nor the persons assessing the participants? health status
know which participants are in the active and control groups
14. _________________ – the effect can only be explained by the cause and cannot be explained by a
third variable
15. _________________ – not necessarily true or reliable, because based on personal accounts rather than
16.
17.
18.
19. facts or research
_________________ – avoiding to look for information or cases that are different or outliers
_________________ – collecting and analyzing existing data as a type of research
_________________ – paragraph-length summary of an article, chapter, or book
_________________ – all cases have the same health-related condition and the controls are similar to the cases in every way except for the condition under study,
20. _________________ – describes two or more patients who have the same disease condition or who
have undergone the same procedure
21. _________________ – any systematic (not random) deviation from the true value
22. _________________ – the degree of error to be expected of a given sample design
23. _________________ – sample has the same distribution of characteristics as the population from
which it was selected
24. _________________ – someone who is well versed in the social phenomenon or characteristic about
the members of the sample population who actually participate in the study
25. _________________ – probability sampling method where all subjects have an equal chance of being
selected
26. _________________ – members of the sample population who decline to be in the study are
systematically different from participants
27. _________________ – a tentative explanation for an observation, phenomenon, or scientific problem
28. ___ – the exposed and unexposed groups are drawn from similar populations and followed over time
? could also be COHORT or STUDY POPULATION DIE 4564 Review / self-test
29.
30.
31.
32.
33. NAME:__________________________ _________________ – the range of values within which a population parameter is estimated to lie
_________________ – specifying the meanings of each concept you want to study
_________________ – non-probability sample based on ease of acquiring cases to study
_________________ – when cases and controls systematically have different memories of the past
_________________ – reviewing and synthesizing information from the literature as a type of research
34. _________________ – collect and analyze exiting data from the literature and compiling it into one
summary statistic
35. _________________ – study design that describes the exposure and / or disease states in a population
36. _________________ – study design that compares average levels of exposure and disease in several
populations
37. _________________ – characteristics that the prospective cases must have if they are to be included
38. _________________ – determining how you will measure the results
39. _________________ – sample is chosen have the same distribution of characteristics assumed to exist
in the population being studied.
40. _________________ – Compares outcomes between a sample receiving an intervention and a similar
sample not receiving an intervention
41. _________________ – a study in which a given characteristic of some population is monitored over
time.
42. _________________ – a study in which some specific subpopulation, or cohort, is studied over time.
43. _________________ – a study in which data are collected from the same set of people at several
points in time.
44. _________________ – a well-defined subset of individuals from the target population
45. _________________ – where after a random start every nth case is selected
46. _________________ – the ability of a statistical test to detect significant differences in a population
when differences really do exist
47. _________________ – when a study population yields a significant statistical test result when one
does not exist in the source population
48. _________________ – when a statistical test of data from the study population finds no significant
result when one actually exists in the source population
Vocabulary
Abstract
Agreement reality
Anecdotal evidence
Authority
Bias
Case-control study
Case series
Cohort study
Conceptualization
Confidence Interval
Convenience sample Operationalization
Inclusion criteria
Meta-analysis
Panel Study
Paradigm
Primary research
Quota sampling
Random sample (simple)
Recall bias
Research is based on this
Representativeness
Sampling Error
Statistical power DIE 4564 Review / self-test
Correlation
Cross-sectional survey
Double-blind study
Correlational study
Empirical
Experimental study
Gambler?s Fallacy
Hawthorne Effect
Hypothesis
Informant
Method
Non-spuriousness
Nonresponse bias NAME:__________________________
Secondary research
Selective observation
Source population /Sampling frame
Systematic sampling
Study population
Tertiary research
Theory
Tradition
Trend Study
Type 1 errors (?)
Type 2 errors (?)