1. Choice Theory (classical criminology) assumes that people have free will. T/F
2. According to routine activities theory, crime is a normal function of modern living. T/F
3. The general deterrence concept holds that the choice to commit delinquent acts can be controlled by the threat of punishment. T/F
4. A guiding principle of deterrence theory is that the more severe, certain, and swift the punishment, the greater the deterrent effect. T/F
5. The techniques of situational crime prevention include hardening targets, using surveillance, and installing more effective street lighting. T/F
6. Police crackdowns seem to have an effective short-term strategy, but their effect begins to decay once the initial shock effect wears off. T/F
7. Lombroso found that criminals are formed based on environmental factors associated with concentric zones and neighborhood transition. T/F
8. Early biological theories portrayed delinquent behavior as a function of a single factor or trait, such as body build or defective intelligence. T/F
9. Children with ADHD are more likely to use illicit drugs, alcohol, or cigarettes during adolescence. T/F
10. Twin studies and adoption studies provide no evidence that delinquent-producing traits may be inherited. T/F
11. Research shows that children with conduct disorder are frequently involved in bullying, fighting, committing sexual assaults, and behaving cruelly toward animals. T/F
12. Social learning suggests that children who grow up in homes where violence is a way of life may learn to believe that such behavior is acceptable. T/F
13. Cognitive theory contends that the choice to commit delinquent acts can be controlled by the threat of punishment; if people believe illegal behavior will result in severe sanctions, they will choose not to commit crimes. T/F
1. Choice Theory (classical criminology) assumes that people have free will. T/F True 2. According to routine activities theory, crime is a normal...
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