(solution) 1. Metallica's Mission Statement is "Take over the World." Write

(solution) 1. Metallica's Mission Statement is "Take over the World." Write

1. Metallica’s Mission Statement is “Take over the World.” Write a mission statement for Rihanna that you feel matches her musical style.

2. Compare how the speech-to-music phenomenon applies to both songs.

3. Compare how the issue of survival is treated in both songs.

07.1
Using the Vernacular ? no, Really Using the Vernacular © 2016 Cliff Adams 1 Prof. Adams,
If it is not too much to ask, I would like to request a song to be studied in the class. I would like something from the top rock and
metal tracks. Hardwired by Metallica is currently number one on the Billboard Mainstream Rock Songs for the week of October
8th, 2016: http://www.billboard.com/charts/hot-mainstream-rock-tracks. I think it would be a cool change of pace from the
songs we have currently been studying.
Thank you,
Nicholas Juk
Electrical Engineering Student
University of Cincinnati © 2016 Cliff Adams 2 Dear Students, We have a request ? from one of our best and brightest ? to study one of the songs from the new Metallica album, which is entitled,
Hardwired?to Self-Destruct. He suggests it as ?a cool change of pace.? I listened to the song, and I have an idea for a lesson.
I am concerned about the vernacular language used, especially since we have students in our class for whom English is a second language, and
for these students I try to make an extra effort to insure that they understand ? and that I understand their quiz answers. (I welcome any
assistance and please let me know if you have any trouble understanding).
?Hardwired? to Self-Destruct? is the album?s title song, and yes, it does offer a change of pace with respect to genre and style, but it has striking
similarities to some of the songs we have already studied.
The song was #1 on Billboard?s Mainstream Rock Songs charts last week and it is #3 today. It is likely that it will not stay on the charts very long
because of the vernacular language used in the lyrics. The song is simply unplayable on radio. Well then, how will the song succeed? It will
succeed because there is an enormous, underground, global audience for this music.
It will be interesting to compare Metallica?s new song to Rihanna?s ?Needed Me? as we look at both the contrasts and the similarities. © 2016 Cliff Adams 3 ver·nac·u·lar
DEFINITION NOUN: the language or dialect spoken by the ordinary people in a particular country or region:
"he wrote in the vernacular to reach a larger audience"
ADJECTIVE: spoken as one's mother tongue; not learned or imposed as a second language.
ORIGIN: early 17th century: from Latin vernaculus ?domestic, native? (from verna, meaning ?home-born slave?) According to the definition, ?using the vernacular? originally meant using the language of uneducated, unrefined common people ? ?home-born
slaves.? The working class. And, in the example of use as a noun above, we learn that one writes in the vernacular to reach a larger audience.
Rihanna?s ?Needed Me? and Metallica?s ?Hardwired? certainly use common, unrefined, blunt, crude language. Perhaps the intent is to reach a
larger audience, more specifically, to appeal to an unrefined, uneducated, unsophisticated segment of the world population. If one can
successfully do this, then a clever person can make an awful lot of money.
I share an office with Prof. Roger Klug (Music of the Beatles). Roger calls the music that we teach ?the music of the vernacular peasantry.? We
acknowledge that rock and roll lacks the refinement of the classical music that is the hallmark of our college. Accordingly, the sign by our door
bears an amusing play on words, borrowing from the world of sports, the Most Valuable Player abbreviation: M.V.P.
(Music of the Vernacular Peasantry) NOTE: Vernacular, or common, everyday language contains word play. We defined word play in a previous unit. You can review the concept and
find some examples here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Word_play © 2016 Cliff Adams 4 © 2016 Cliff Adams 5 Speed/Thrash Metal
In the early '80s, speed metal became the most popular form of heavy metal in the American underground. Crossing
the New Wave of British Heavy Metal with hardcore punk, speed metal was extremely fast, abrasive, and technically
demanding — the bands played fast, but their attack was precise and clean. In that sense, speed metal always
remained true to its metal roots. But what it borrowed from hardcore — namely, insanely fast tempos and a defiant, doit-yourself attitude — was equally important, since it gave the bands not only a unique musical approach but also an
attractive image for legions of alienated suburban youths.
Because it was so intense and technically demanding, speed metal quickly evolved into thrash, which allowed greater
leeway in terms of tempo, groove, and instrumental dexterity. Led by Metallica, Megadeth, Anthrax, and Slayer this
new wave of metal bands stood in direct contrast with the pop-oriented metal that dominated the charts during
the '80s, but they managed to cultivate dedicated cult followings that would eventually allow them to go
platinum with no support from mainstream media, radio, or MTV. – Allmusic.com © 2016 Cliff Adams 6 © 2016 Cliff Adams 7 Metallica is a Thrash Metal band from California.
https://metallica.com/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metallica
AUTHENTICITY
Heavy metal is underground music that occasionally surfaces in movies. Similar to country music, heavy metal has its own
?membership? requirements. Unlike country music and mainstream pop, metal bands prefer to dwell in the underground, untainted by
commercial considerations.
Heavy metal is music for boys, but girls can join the party if they wear the uniform: jeans, and black t-shirt. Girls love it because they get to
watch boys lose their inhibitions.
It provides a great outlet for boys (and old grandpas) to ?let off steam? (get rid of frustration/nervous energy). Concerts in small, local venues are
like social club meetings.
THE MUSIC The music requires great strength, stamina, and a lot of practice to perform it with the precision it requires. Guitars play at a very
loud volume and techniques include distortion, feedback, palm muting, down tuning, rapid picking, string hammer-ons and pull-offs, string
chiming, and extremely rapid scale runs, to name a few. Great hand strength, stamina, and technique is required to play thrash metal music.
THEMES Lyrics typically point a finger at issues such as: justice, survival, the environment, social chaos, death, monsters, the military, insanity,
hypocrisy, drugs, fear, and redemption.
METALLICA MEMBERS The co-founders of Metallica are Lars Ulrich, born in Denmark, who plays drums, and James Hetfield, of California who
sings and plays 2nd guitar. Lead guitarist Kirk Hammet and bassist Robert Trujillo are the other current members. The band?s MISSION STATEMENT ? ?Take over the World.? © 2016 Cliff Adams 8 © 2016 Cliff Adams 9 STYLE AND LYRIC THEMES (Wikipedia)
Metallica was influenced by early heavy metal and hard rock bands and artists Black Sabbath, Deep Purple, Kiss, Led Zeppelin, Queen, Ted
Nugent, AC/DC, Rush, Aerosmith, Judas Priest, and Scorpions.[155] New wave of British heavy metal bands Venom, Motörhead, Saxon, Diamond
Head, Blitzkrieg, and Iron Maiden, and early punk rock bands Ramones, Sex Pistols, and the Misfits also influenced Metallica's style as did postpunk band Killing Joke.[156]
The band's early releases contained fast tempos, harmonized leads, and nine-minute instrumental tracks. Ride the Lightning featured
"extended, progressive epics; tight, concise groove-rockers".[157] Metallica expanded its compositional technique and range of expression to
take on a more aggressive approach, and lyrics dealt with personal and socially conscious issues.[157] Religious and military leaders, rage,
insanity, monsters, and drugs?among other themes?were explored on Master of Puppets.[158]
In 1991, Metallica, with new producer Bob Rock, simplified and streamlined its music for a more commercial approach to appeal to mainstream
audiences.[159] Robert Palmer of Rolling Stone said the band abandoned its aggressive, fast tempos to expand its music and
expressive range.[160] The change in direction proved commercially successful; Metallica was the band's first album to peak at number one on
the Billboard 200. Metallica noticed changes to the rock scene created by the grunge movement of the early 1990s. In Load?an album that has
been described as having "an almost alternative rock" approach?the band changed musical direction and focused on non-metal
influences.[161] Metallica's new lyrical approach moved away from drugs and monsters, and focused on anger, loss, and retribution. Some fans
and critics were not pleased with this change.[48] David Fricke of Rolling Stone described the move as "goodbye to the moldy stricture and deadend Puritanism of no-frills thrash", and called Load the heaviest record of 1996.[48] With the release of ReLoad in 1997, the band
displayed blues and early hard rock influences, incorporating more rhythm and harmony in song structures.[161]
St. Anger marked another change in the band's sound. Guitar solos were excluded from the album, leaving a "raw and unpolished
sound."[65] The band used drop C tuning; Ulrich's snare drum received particular criticism. New York Magazine's Ethan Brown said it
"reverberates with a thwong." The album's lyrics deal with Hetfield's drug rehabilitation and include references to the devil, anti-drug themes,
claustrophobia, impending doom, and religious hypocrisy.[162][163] At the advice of producer Rick Rubin, for its ninth studio album Death
Magnetic, the band returned to standard tuning and guitar solos.[164] As a return to Metallica's thrash roots, Death Magnetic was a riff-oriented
album featuring intense guitar solos and subtle lyrics dealing with suicide and redemption.[165] © 2016 Cliff Adams 10 The first video from Metallica's upcoming album "Hardwired…To Self-Destruct"
available everywhere on November 18. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uhBHL3v4d3I WATCH IT – LYRICS Pre-order now at Metallica.com.
© 2016 Blackened Recordings © 2016 Cliff Adams 11 "Hardwired? lyrics TRANSLATION In the name of desperation
In the name of wretched pain
In the name of all creation
Gone insane We cry out in desperation
We cry out in great pain and frustration
We declare that the world
Is seriously, mentally ill We're so fucked
Shit outta luck
Hardwired to self-destruct Because there is mass insanity, we have no chance of survival
There is absolutely no chance that we will survive, because
Humanity appears to have a built-in, permanent, irreversible, anatomical predisposition to destroy itself. On the way to paranoia
On the crooked borderline
On the way to great destroyer
Doom design Humanity grows increasingly afraid of unseen dangers
Humanity stands on the brink of collapse
Humanity is moving toward destruction
Because self-destruction is inevitable We're so fucked
Shit outta luck
Hardwired to self-destruct Because there is mass insanity, we have no chance of survival
There is absolutely no chance that we will survive, because
Humanity appears to have a built-in, permanent, irreversible, anatomical predisposition to destroy itself. Once upon a planet burning
Once upon a flame
Once upon a fear returning
All in vain
Do you feel that hope is fading?
Do you comprehend?
Do you feel it terminating?
In the end After our planet has begun to burn
After our planet is consumed in flames
Any hope of returning
Will be in vain
Have you lost hope?
Do you understand what is going on in the world?
Do you feel the sense of doom?
Do you think the world will end? We're so fucked
Shit outta luck
Hardwired to self-destruct
Hardwired to self-destruct Because there is mass insanity, we have no chance of survival
There is absolutely no chance that we will survive, because
Humanity has a built-in, permanent, irreversible, anatomical predisposition to destroy itself.
Humanity has a built-in, permanent, irreversible, anatomical predisposition to destroy itself. Self-destruct
Self-destruct
Self-destruct Humanity self-destructs
Humanity self-destructs
Humanity self-destructs © 2016 Cliff Adams 12 Needed Me
Rihanna
Mustard on the beat ho! TRANSLATION
Let the beat begin! I was good on my own, that's the way it was
That's the way it was
You was good on the low for a faded fuck
On some faded love
Shit, what the fuck you complaining for?
Feeling jaded huh?
Used to trip off that shit I was kickin' to you
Had some fun on the run though I give it to you
But baby
Don't get it twisted
You was just another nigga on the hit list
Tryna fix your inner issues with a bad bitch
Didn't they tell you that I was a savage
Fuck your white horse and a carriage
Bet you never could imagine
Never told you you could have it I had a nice life without you before we met
Before we met
My only interest in you was for recreational, casual sex
Casual sex
Why would you complain about that?
Do you feel cheated, now?
We had some fun together
I admit we had some fun You needed me
Ooh
You needed me
To feel a little more, and give a little less
Know you hate to confess
But baby ooh, you needed me In fact, it was you who needed me But don?t think for a minute that it was serious ? it was not true love
You were one of many common, contemptible, casual lovers
You were dealing with personal problems; you tried to use me to get some relief
But I am an independent woman and
The last thing I need is love and marriage with you I repeat, it was you who needed me
You will not admit it, but I didn?t need you You needed me Continued Continued © 2016 Cliff Adams 13 You been rollin' around, shit I'm rollin up
Light and roll it up
Break it down like a pound, shit was never us
Shit was never us
That's the real on the real, are you serious?
How you feel, how you feel?
Used to trip off that shit I was kickin' to ya
Had some fun on the run though, I give it to ya
But baby
Don't get it twisted (don't get it twisted)
You was just another nigga on the hit list
Tryna fix your inner issues with a bad bitch
Didn't they tell you that I was a savage
Fuck your white horse and a carriage
Bet you never could imagine
Never told you you could have it
You needed me
Ooh (ooh)
You needed me (you needed me)
To feel a little more, and give a little less
Know you hate to confess
But baby ooh, you needed me TRANSLATION
Our relationship was never serious
Never serious
Our relationship was never real and true
That is the truth of it
Didn?t you understand that it was not real love?
Do you feel like you were fooled?
Did I fool you?
I admit we had fun for a little while
But don?t think it was serious ? it was not true love
You were only one of many casual lovers
You were dealing with personal problems
I am an independent woman and
I don?t need to be saved or protected by you In fact, it was you who needed me
I repeat, it was you who needed me
You will not admit it, but I didn?t need you You needed me © 2016 Cliff Adams 14 LYRICS
I think we can agree that both lyrics use the vernacular. We get a vague sense that both songs intend to ?point an
accusing finger? at something that is disturbing their peace of mind. Both lyrics seem angry. Both seem to involve
the issue of survival in some way. © 2016 Cliff Adams 15 MUSIC
Listening – without watching video – can we say that from the standpoint of the music alone, the instrumental and vocal sounds of the
recordings, that each song has a ?musical vernacular,? a ?musical dialect,? or perhaps, a ?genre-specific musical vocabulary??
Are there sounds in the Metallica songs and Rihanna?s songs that tell us immediately what genre we are listening to?
The sounds in Rihanna?s song are so heavily processed that we cannot identify some of the instruments. The heavy processing has created a
dreamy, floaty, pulsating, hypnotic pattern.
The Metallica texture, on the other hand, is extremely percussive and performed with an urgency and a focused, militaristic precision at nearimpossible speed.
Rihanna?s vocal performance seems to play with the background sounds, but it also creates a tone of ?pointing a finger? or provoking or
challenging someone.
Hetfield?s vocal performance sounds very angry. His voice is not as flexible at Rihanna?s. © 2016 Cliff Adams 16