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(solution) To whoever this may concern, Hi! I hope this message finds you


To whoever this may concern,

Hi! I hope this message finds you well. My name is Larry and I'm an international college student in the US. I'm requesting this service because I need help with a college paper. I was assigned to write an essay on Antigone and Tamar (from the Bible). The essay prompt basically asks me to describe whether these characters are believable or not and make some comparisons between the two of them.

What Am I looking for?

I need help with revision/proofreading because I'm not an English-native speaker and this assignment is worth 20% of my final grade (20%). The deadline is this Thursday, but it would be great if I could receive a revised form with anticipation so I can process you feedback and make the adjustments. 

I highly appreciate your time in revising my paper. Hope all is well with you.


Regards,

Larry


1

 

Feminine Power: The Struggles for Social Recognition

 

Are women more likely than men to challenge the status quo because they want to

 

escalate their social ladder or because they are predisposed to be less moral?

 

Disobedience is an important trait for some characters in ancient society. Two characters

 

who demonstrate disobedience are Antigone and Tamar. The theme of disobedience is

 

expressed through the direct interactions that both female characters present with their

 

male antagonists: Creon and Judah. Antigone defies the laws of Creon in order to give her

 

dead brother an appropriate burial rite and comply with her moral values. Tamar, on the

 

other hand, challenges the social system to deceive Judah in order to have a child outside

 

of marriage. Their courage, power, and the pursuit of rightness have a crucial impact on

 

the roles of women that underline social inequality in ancient times.

 

Sophocles? Antigone is a tragic play that depicts femininity. In Greek traditions,

 

women were often seen as second-class citizens. They were expected to engage in burial

 

rites because men would refuse to have physical contact with the dead bodies. They

 

believed that these polluted corpses could make them sick, which can then lead them to

 

death (Levene, Lecture 8). These actions dehumanized women because they were forced

 

to do the ?dirty job? that did not correspond to their moral values. Similarly, women were

 

required to obey the laws established by men. In the text, Creon, the king of Thebes,

 

emphasizes ?no woman rules me while I live? (40). Athenians believed that women were

 

not allowed to have a public role, but a private one. Their private role was expected to be

 

in support of their oikos [households] to protect their family lineage. Antigone is expected

 

to obey these laws, which in fact she acknowledges when she feels ?forced and shall obey

 

the men in power? (24). Once she sees herself threatened by Creon?s commands

 

regarding the prohibition of her brother?s burial, she faces a moral dilemma: challenging 2

 

the rules of the city to agree with the law of the gods [divine law] or oppressing her moral

 

values to agree with the laws of society [human law].

 

However, Antigone?s affection for her brother predicts her rebellion against the

 

human law. In Sophocles? opening lines, Antigone agonizes her brother?s death that she

 

says, ?loving, I shall lie with him, yes, with my love one? (24). She believes Creon?s law

 

of not burying her brother?s corpse is wrong because it can lead to pollution. Greek

 

traditions suggest that it was important to bury a dead body because it can rest in peace in

 

a tomb without polluting the environment. Her actions make her seen as an unbelievable

 

character not only because of her capability to break the law in order to impose her own

 

law [divine law], but also because of her unconditional love for his brother that seems

 

like a mother-to-child or a husband-to-wife kind of love. This high intensity of

 

Antigone?s appreciation for her brother is so bizarre because one would expect her to

 

convey her affections to Haemon, her fiancé. But nonetheless, she never gets with him on

 

stage nor does she mention him throughout the play (Levene, Lecture 8) and the reader is

 

only able to know about their relationship when Ismene, Antigone?s sister, mentions it

 

toward the end of the story. In addition, one would expect, by Greek traditions, that she

 

would marry a man to produce offspring and support her oikos. An explanation about

 

Antigone?s indifference about marrying a man and reproducing descendants is implied

 

when she says, ?I can have another husband/child if I lost? (40). Antigone is reassured

 

that she can have as many husbands and children as she wishes. However, she?s limited to

 

having another brother because both of her parents are dead. Hence, Antigone prioritizes

 

the importance of her ?own flesh and blood? (23), which characterize her devotion to the

 

law of gods. 3

 

In ancient times, women were also deprived of their private roles. This idea is

 

illustrated in the story of Judah and Tamar in Genesis, chapter 38. Tamar becomes an

 

unmarried widow for two consecutive times after God ordered to end the lives of her expartners for disobeying His policy. However, she finds hope in Shela, Judah?s only son, to

 

adhere to the law of levirate when he grows up. When the time has come, Tamar sees the

 

need to engage in a marriage with Shela, but Judah refuses to provide her a child through

 

his son when he assures that, ?he may die too, just like his brothers? (Gen 38:11). After

 

waiting for a long time under the scorn of society, Tamar sees herself in a dilemma:

 

seeking a man to have a child with or living under the mockery of society the rest of her

 

life. Prudently, she decides to make a plan against Judah, who was her only and close

 

option, by disguising into a prostitute in order to conceive a child from him. Obviously,

 

what Tamar does is totally immoral in ancient society. Forcing herself to sleep with a man

 

just for the sake of bearing a child is an action that makes her an unbelievable character.

 

One could infer that she does this to humiliate Judah for not complying with his promise,

 

and eventually, influence him to stay with her even though he has no interest in her.

 

Though it was essential for a woman to have a child during this time to protect their

 

lineage, one would expect her to have a formal marriage first and then conceive a child

 

under traditional norms.

 

The characters of Antigone and Tamar differ on how they response to their

 

dilemmas. In Sophocles? Antigone, the idea of men showing inferiority to women was

 

dishonorable. This is clearly demonstrated by the character of Creon when he comments,

 

?never let some woman beat us down? (40). In other words, men who are defeated by

 

women would validate their inferiority to them, which would contrast with the Athenian

 

idea of female inferiority to men. Antigone resolves her dilemma by not conforming to 4

 

the traditional female roles to follow their instinct not matter what the human laws state.

 

On the other hand, in Genesis, Tamar?s situation is actually the opposite. She is able to

 

resolve her conflict by conforming to the traditional female roles to comply with what

 

society has taught her is right not matter what her instinct wants. When Judah learns

 

about her pregnancy, he feels undignified and says. Judah?s defeat is notorious that he

 

feels minimize by a woman who tricked him to have a child that he did not expect.

 

Though Antigone might see her action as immoral because it attempts against the law of

 

the gods, Tamar was able to accomplish her goal when Judah confesses, ?she has been

 

more righteous than I? (Genesis 38:26) and forgive her from being burned. In ancient

 

societies, prostitution was not an action that a woman should be involved in. However, it

 

was very typical for women to appeal to the public in order to gain attention since their

 

social statuses were similar to that of slaves: their voices would not be heard nor would

 

they influence political decisions (Levene, Lecture 8).

 

Antigone and Tamar also show their power over men. In Genesis 38, Tamar is

 

irritated at Judah because of his double moral about accusing her of an offense that he

 

originally committed. She notices Shela was already a grown up, but ?she had not been

 

given to him as his wife? (Gen 38: 14). She defends herself with ingenuity and

 

perseverance to deceive Judah and make him pay for not complying with his promise of

 

providing his son for her to have a child. Tamar represents the strength of the weak and

 

the power of the powerless. She had the choice to follow her marriage traditions, but she

 

desists. Her desire to have a child was so intense that she defies moral society. This

 

underlines the importance of motherhood as one of the few sources for women to

 

participate in ancient societies. For Antigone, who opts to follow the divine laws, not

 

burying her brother?s corpse would represent a dishonor to the gods that she demands the 5

 

burial of her beloved one to prevent its corpse to be polluted on earth and allow him to

 

rest in peace. She stands up with bravery and defies the city?s rules when she says, ?it is

 

no shame to serve blood relatives? (39). As a result, she is punished. Unlike Tamar, she

 

agonizes when she says, ?in suffering I?ll see my error clear? (55) and resolve this

 

problem by ending her life ?hanging by the neck? (65). Both texts depict a danger to the

 

male-dominated society, which is developed through the disobedience that Antigone and

 

Tamar possess against human and divine laws.

 

Antigone and Tamar, as female characters that strived to defeat the status quo,

 

have an essentially important impact on social inequality. The actions of Antigone about

 

defying the city?s law that prohibits her brother?s burial shows the courage, integrity, and

 

power of a non-conforming woman. Likewise, Tamar?s decision to force herself to have a

 

child outside of marriage by deceiving a man demonstrates a woman capable of

 

performing untraditional activities to satisfy her own needs. The presentation of Antigone

 

and Tamar as powerful and righteous women contrast the ancient ideas about women

 

non-existence in politics and their roles as inferior to men.

 


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