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(solution) What was the political impact of Gandhi's Social Justice


What was the political impact of Gandhi?s Social Justice Fundamentalism and Bonhoeffer?s? When does non-violence work as a moral force for change and why wasn?t Bonhoeffer able to use non-violence in confronting the Nazis?


Excerpts from The Cost of Discipleship

 

by Dietrich Bonhoeffer (1906-1945)

 

Home The Cost of Discipleship

 

Grace and Discipleship

 

Cheap grace is the deadly enemy of our Church. We are fighting today for costly grace. Cheap

 

grace means grace sold on the market like cheapjacks? wares. The sacraments, the forgiveness

 

of sin, and the consolations of religion are thrown away at cut prices. Grace is represented as the

 

Church?s inexhaustible treasury, from which she showers blessings with generous hands, without

 

asking questions or

 

fixing limits. Grace without price; grace without cost! The essence of grace, we suppose, is that

 

the account has been paid in advance; and, because it has been paid, everything can be had for

 

nothing.... 45

 

Cheap grace means grace as a doctrine, a principle, a system. It means forgiveness of sins

 

proclaimed as a general truth, the love of God taught as the Christian 'conception' of God. An

 

intellectual assent to that idea is held to be of itself sufficient to secure remission of sins.... In

 

such a Church the world finds a cheap covering for its sins; no contrition is required, still less

 

any real desire to be delivered from sin. Cheap grace therefore amounts to a denial of the living

 

Word of God, in fact, a denial of the Incarnation of the Word of God. 45-46

 

Cheap grace means the justification of sin without the justification of the sinner. Grace alone

 

does everything they say, and so everything can remain as it was before. 'All for sin could not

 

atone.' Well, then, let the Christian live like the rest of the world, let him model himself on

 

the world?s standards in every sphere of life, and not presumptuously aspire to live a different

 

life under grace from his old life under sin....

 

Cheap grace is the grace we bestow on ourselves. Cheap grace is the preaching of

 

forgiveness without requiring repentance, baptism without church discipline, Communion

 

without confession.... Cheap grace is grace without discipleship, grace without the cross, grace

 

without Jesus Christ, living and incarnate. 47 Costly grace is the treasure hidden in the field; for the sake of it a man? will gladly go and self all

 

that he has. It is the pearl of great price to buy which the merchant will sell all his goods. It is

 

the kingly rule of Christ, for whose sake a man will pluck out the eye which causes him to

 

stumble, it is the call of Jesus Christ at which the disciple leaves his nets and follows him.

 

Costly grace is the gospel which must be sought again and again and again, the gift which must

 

be asked for, the door at which a man must knock. Such grace is costly because it calls us to

 

follow, and it is grace because it calls us to follow Jesus Christ. It is costly because it costs a man

 

his life, and it is grace because it gives a man the only true life. It is costly because it condemns

 

sin, and grace because it justifies the sinner. Above all, it is costly because it cost God the life of

 

his Son: ?ye were bought at a price,? and what has cost God much cannot be cheap for us. Above

 

all, it is grace because God did not reckon his Son too dear a price to pay for our life, but

 

delivered him up for us. Costly grace is the Incarnation of God.

 

Costly grace is the sanctuary of God; it has to be protected from the world, and not thrown to the

 

dogs. It is therefore the living word, the Word of God, which he speaks as it pleases him. Costly

 

grace confronts us as a gracious call to follow Jesus. It comes as a word of forgiveness to the

 

broken spirit and the contrite heart. Grace is costly because it compels a man to submit to the

 

yoke of Christ and follow him; it is grace because Jesus says: ?My yoke is easy and my burden is

 

light.?

 

On two separate occasions Peter received the call, ?Follow me.? It was the first and last word

 

Jesus spoke to his disciple (Mark 1.17; John 21.22). A whole life lies between these two calls.

 

The first occasion was by the lake of Gennesareth, when Peter left his nets and his craft and

 

followed Jesus at his word. The second occasion is when the Risen Lord finds him back again at

 

his old trade. Once again it is by the lake of Gennesareth, and once again the call is: ?Follow

 

me.? Between the two calls lay a whole life of discipleship in the following of Christ. Half-way

 

between them comes Peter's confession, when he acknowledged Jesus as the Christ of God....48

 

way did grace arrest him, the one grace proclaimed in

 

This grace was certainly not self-bestowed. It was the grace of Christ himself, now prevailing

 

upon the disciple to leave all and follow him, now working in him that confession which to the

 

world must sound like the ultimate blasphemy, now inviting Peter to the supreme fellowship of

 

martyrdom for the Lord he had denied, and thereby forgiving him all his sins. In the life of Peter

 

grace and discipleship are inseparable. He had received the grace which costs. 49

 

As Christianity spread, and the Church became more secularized, this realization of the

 

costliness of grace gradually faded. The world was Christianized, and grace became its common

 

property. It was to be had at low cost....49

 


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