(solution) Which of the following countries best exemplifies a

(solution) Which of the following countries best exemplifies a

Question 1 1. The main point of disengagement theory is that: Answer seniors want to be independent like everyone else. society remains orderly by disengaging aging people from positions of responsibility. seniors do not require as much care as most people think they do. seniors want to remain active. Question 2 1. Poverty rates among African American and Hispanic elders in the United States are: Answer about the same as among elderly, non-Hispanic whites. two to three times higher than among elderly, non-Hispanic whites. ten times higher than among elderly, non-Hispanic whites. lower than among elderly, non-Hispanic whites. Question 3 1. Which country has the most permissive law involving physician-assisted suicide in the world? Answer the United States the Netherlands Russia Japan Question 4 1. Most caregiving to older people in the United States is provided by: Answer the staff at nursing homes. hospital staff. women, typically daughters and wives. senior friends and neighbors. Question 5 1. Which of the following statements about the living arrangements of the elderly in the United States is correct? Answer Most men live with spouses; women are about equally likely to live with a spouse or to live alone. Most men live in nursing homes or other assisted-living facilities; most women live alone. Most women live in nursing homes or other assisted-living facilities; most men live alone. Most men and women live in nursing homes or other assisted-living facilities. Question 6 1. In general, seniors with higher incomes: Answer have more health problems than people with lower incomes. assess their health in better terms than people with lower incomes. have the same level of health as people with lower incomes. die earlier due to high consumption of rich foods. Question 7 1. The concept “old-age dependency ratio” refers to: Answer the ratio of children to elderly people. the ratio of elderly women to elderly men. the ratio of working-age adults to non-working elderly people. the ratio of people over age sixty-five to those under forty. Question 8 1. The poverty rate among people over the age of sixty-five is: Answer above the national average. the same as the national average. below the national average. almost zero, since people receive Social Security. Question 9 1. Activity theory draws on: Answer the social-conflict approach. the structural-functional approach. the symbolic-interaction approach. the sociobiology approach. Question 10 1. Since 1960, the poverty rate among the U.S. elderly: Answer has dropped sharply. has fluctuated up and down. has remained stable. has gone up. Question 11 1. Which category of the U.S. population is showing the greatest labor-force increase in terms of percentage? Answer white men Hispanic women white women African American women Question 12 1. The postindustrial economy is defined by: Answer the spread of factories. mass production of goods and services. manufacturing of raw materials. service work and computer technology. Question 13 1. Which of the following concepts refers to a political and economic system that combines a mostly market-based economy with extensive social welfare programs? Answer capitalism socialism welfare capitalism communism Question 14 1. The concept “primary labor market” refers to: Answer jobs that provide extensive benefits to workers. jobs typically taken by teenagers. jobs that require no particular training or experience. jobs that offer little pay and low security. Question 15 1. The concept “oligopoly” refers to: Answer any corporation with more than $1 billion in sales. the largest company in a particular field. domination of a market by a few producers. a large company operating in all three economic sectors. Question 16 1. Which of the following statements about the Information Revolution is NOT correct? Answer There was a shift from making tangible products to generating ideas. There was a shift from mechanical skills to literacy skills. There was a shift from farming to turning raw materials into products. There was a shift from working in factories to working almost anywhere. Question 17 In the United States about what share of the population aged sixteen and older is in the paid labor force? one-fifth one-third two-thirds nine-tenths Question 18 1. Which social institution is widely considered to have the greatest effect on society as a whole? Answer the family the economy the political system religion Question 19 1. Which of the following countries best exemplifies a system of state capitalism? Answer the United States Great Britain Australia Japan Question 20 1. Read the four descriptions below. Which of them DOES NOT apply to a profession? Answer having theoretical knowledge of a field working for a large, well-established company having authority over clients professing a community, rather than an individual, orientation