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(solution) Write a reply of at least 200 words to at least 3 of your


  1. Write a reply of at       least 200 words to at least 3 of your classmates? threads. You should       expect to answer questions posed within each discussion thread. Student       interaction is key to success in this course. 3 replies each one is 200 words each.

Social Networks

 

Definition: Social Networks are defined as ?Social structures of individuals or social

 

units that are connected through one or more forms of interdependence.? (McShane, Glinow,

 

2015).

 

b.

 

Summary: After reading the article The Underestimated Importance of Personal

 

Networking, it helps to show the power networking has in society.

 

c.

 

Discussion: This articles brings up some very significant points about why social

 

networking is such a great tool to use. According to the article, the average American is

 

connected to approximately 634 contacts (Stamp). When looking deeper into this, we can see

 

how important this small fact really is. When searching for a job, most people just talk to their

 

friends to see if there are any openings in their area. While this is good, they are most likely

 

connected with the same interests you have or most of the same people. This is when the theory

 

of six degrees of separation comes into play. According to Whatis.com they define the six

 

degrees of separation as ?Six degrees of separation is the theory that anyone on the planet can be

 

connected to any other person on the planet through a chain of acquaintances that has no more

 

than five intermediaries (Rouse, 2014). With this being said, we can look at the significance of

 

how connected we can become to someone successful. Using this theory, if someone networks

 

with people directly out of their social circle, they will be more likely to connect with a person

 

that can get them the job they want or into specific group. Social networking also helps to bring

 

people together by sharing common interests and using that as a medium in growing the

 

connection. If two or more people find a common interest in fishing, they will most likely find it

 

appealing to continuing talking with those people. What social networking comes down to is the

 

old saying, ?it?s not what you know, it?s who you know?. According to Bob McIntosh, ?80% of

 

today?s jobs are landed through networking? (McIntosh, 2012). This statistic is astonishing! Most

 

people do not realize just how important networking with other people really is and it could quite

 

possibly get you the job of your dreams!

 

d.

 

Biblical Integration: It is crazy to think that even in Bible times, there was social

 

networking. When looking at the scriptures to see how social networking was present, we can

 

actually just look to the whole Bible. In almost every single book of the Bible, we see the

 

connections that everyone had with each other. One great verse that shows that we are stronger

 

when we are connected together is Ecclesiastes 4:9-12. It states that ?Two are better than one,

 

because they have a good reward for their toil. For if they fall, one will lift up his fellow. But

 

woe to him who is alone when he falls and has not another to lift him up! Again, if two lie

 

together, they keep warm, but how can one keep warm alone? And though a man might prevail

 

against one who is alone, two will withstand him?a threefold cord is not quickly broken?

 

(ESV). Even though this was written over two thousand years ago, it can still be applied

 

perfectly to our everyday lives.

 

a. Definition: Organizational Behavior notes, ?The capacity to influence others

 

on the basis of an identification with and respect for the power holder. It is

 

also associated with charisma. Charisma is a personal characteristic or

 

special ?gift? that serves as a form of interpersonal attraction and referent

 

power over others.? (McShane & Von Glinow, 2008, p. 290).

 

Summary: The article entitled ?The Dimensionality of Charisma? written by

 

Jane Halpert (1990) discusses how referent power and charisma are

 

connected but only one is measurable. The author asserts that after a study of 106 students, the power of influence built in a charismatic personality is

 

impossible to measure. Referent power is measurable using ?existing scales

 

with known psychometric properties? (Halpert, 1991). There are nine

 

charismatic effects that can be reduced to three dimensions: expert power,

 

referent power, and job involvement.

 

Discussion: Halpert determined that charisma is immeasurable. By

 

definition, it is a ?gift? ? an unknown ?it? factor that cannot be fully

 

explained. ?Empirical studies of charisma are sparse and there is little

 

agreement among them on conceptual and operational definitions? (Halpert,

 

1991). A person can have expert power and be respected but not have

 

charisma or referent power. The main component in referent power and

 

charisma is influence and interpersonal skills. Halpert?s study showed that

 

?Charismatic leaders will have job-involved followers? (Halpert, 1991). The

 

influential qualities of referent power and charisma can be used in a variety

 

of methods. Referent power items include ?I want to keep my superior

 

pleased with my work because?? (Halpert, 1991). Expert power is

 

effective, but referent power and charisma can influence others to affect

 

change. A quick Google search of ?famous charismatic leaders? produces

 

results such as Winston Churchill, Martin Luther King, Jr., Mahatma Ghandi,

 

and Mother Theresa. Jesus influenced others?but so did Hitler and Satan.

 

Influence is power manifested in charismatic and referent empowered

 

people.

 

The power of influence is a battle ground in our daily lives. It

 

surrounds our thought life, the way we speak, act, what we watch, and

 

ultimately contributes to the people we become. The motivational qualities

 

of an emotional movie or a triumphant speech impacts our hearts more than

 

our minds. Charisma, unlike expert power, directs our hearts - in doing so

 

prompts our human nature to blindly follow without reason or understanding.

 

Have you ever listened to a speaker and was moved to tears or encouraged

 

to make a change? The influential properties of charisma were probably

 

involved. ?From an applied standpoint, charisma had traditionally been seen

 

as an interesting phenomenon, but one that did not lend itself to

 

manipulation or investigation? (Halpert, 1991).

 

The primary purpose of Christianity is to influence others toward

 

salvation. Christ encompassed charisma and referent power as did His twelve

 

martyred disciples. The charismatic qualities of a living God should be

 

emphasized in His followers. ?And what you have heard from me in the

 

presence of many witnesses entrust to faithful men who will be able to teach

 

others also? (2 Timothy 2:2 ESV).

 

Definition: Organizational Behavior notes, ?The capacity to influence others on the basis of an

 

identification with and respect for the power holder. It is also associated with charisma.

 

Charisma is a personal characteristic or special ?gift? that serves as a form of interpersonal attraction and referent power over others.? (McShane & Von Glinow, 2008, p. 290).

 

Summary: The article entitled ?The Dimensionality of Charisma? written by Jane Halpert (1990)

 

discusses how referent power and charisma are connected but only one is measurable. The

 

author asserts that after a study of 106 students, the power of influence built in a charismatic

 

personality is impossible to measure. Referent power is measurable using ?existing scales with

 

known psychometric properties? (Halpert, 1991). There are nine charismatic effects that can be

 

reduced to three dimensions: expert power, referent power, and job involvement.

 

Discussion: Halpert determined that charisma is immeasurable. By definition, it is a ?gift? ? an

 

unknown ?it? factor that cannot be fully explained. ?Empirical studies of charisma are sparse

 

and there is little agreement among them on conceptual and operational definitions? (Halpert,

 

1991). A person can have expert power and be respected but not have charisma or referent

 

power. The main component in referent power and charisma is influence and interpersonal

 

skills. Halpert?s study showed that ?Charismatic leaders will have job-involved followers?

 

(Halpert, 1991). The influential qualities of referent power and charisma can be used in a

 

variety of methods. Referent power items include ?I want to keep my superior pleased with my

 

work because?? (Halpert, 1991). Expert power is effective, but referent power and charisma

 

can influence others to affect change. A quick Google search of ?famous charismatic leaders?

 

produces results such as Winston Churchill, Martin Luther King, Jr., Mahatma Ghandi, and

 

Mother Theresa. Jesus influenced others?but so did Hitler and Satan. Influence is power

 

manifested in charismatic and referent empowered people.

 

The power of influence is a battle ground in our daily lives. It surrounds our thought life,

 

the way we speak, act, what we watch, and ultimately contributes to the people we become.

 

The motivational qualities of an emotional movie or a triumphant speech impacts our hearts

 

more than our minds. Charisma, unlike expert power, directs our hearts - in doing so prompts

 

our human nature to blindly follow without reason or understanding. Have you ever listened to

 

a speaker and was moved to tears or encouraged to make a change? The influential properties

 

of charisma were probably involved. ?From an applied standpoint, charisma had traditionally

 

been seen as an interesting phenomenon, but one that did not lend itself to manipulation or

 

investigation? (Halpert, 1991).

 

The primary purpose of Christianity is to influence others toward salvation. Christ

 

encompassed charisma and referent power as did His twelve martyred disciples. The

 

charismatic qualities of a living God should be emphasized in His followers. ?And what you have

 

heard from me in the presence of many witnesses entrust to faithful men who will be able to

 

teach others also? (2 Timothy 2:2 ESV).

 


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