(solution) 7. (TCOs 2, 3, and 6) Identify whether the argument presented is

(solution) 7. (TCOs 2, 3, and 6) Identify whether the argument presented is

7. (TCOs 2, 3, and 6) Identify whether the argument presented is a deductive argument or a nondeductive argument. Explain your choice.
 If I study hard for a philosophy class I will receive an ?A.? Logic is a philosophy class. I have studied hard for Logic, so I will receive an ?A? in the Logic class.

Question 8.8. (TCOs 1, 2, and 3) Locate the arguments in the passages provided. Rewrite the argument clearly, and identify the explicit premises. Then, determine whether the conclusion follows from the premises.
 
We should legalize physician-assisted suicide. If we do so, we will help people who are terminally ill, save on medical expenses, and show that we respect the wishes of dying patients who want access to a death with dignity. It?s just the right thing to do! (Points : 14)      
      

Question 9.9. (TCOs 1, 2, and 3) Identify whether there are any implicit premises in the arguments provided. If there are, add them to the argument. Then, determine whether the conclusion follows from the full set of premises, both explicit and implicit. 
 
American universities are eroding their public support. Any social institution that spends beyond the willingness of the public to pay is eroding its public support. (Points : 14)      
      

Question 10.10. (TCO 3) Read the following passage entitled Why Gay Marriage Should Remain Illegal in Certain States, and then answer the following questions.
 
Why Gay Marriage Should Remain Illegal in Certain States
 
If we prohibit marriage between same-sex couples, we will maintain the institution of marriage as it was intended to be?between a man and a woman for the purpose of love, commitment, and reproduction. It is clear that the institution of marriage is maintained, as people are getting married out of love, to express their commitment for each other, and are having children at a faster rate than ever. Because these are valuable goals, we should continue to ban gay marriage to continue our success in maintaining this important institution.
 
What does the soundness of this argument depend on? (Points : 14)      
      

Question 11.11. (TCOs 1, 2, and 3) Read the following passage entitled Why Gay Marriage Should Remain Illegal in Certain States, and then answer the following questions:
 
Why Gay Marriage Should Remain Illegal in Certain States
 
If we prohibit marriage between same-sex couples, we will maintain the institution of marriage as it was intended to be?between a man and a woman for the purpose of love, commitment, and reproduction. It is clear that the institution of marriage is maintained, because people are getting married out of love, to express their commitment for each other, and are having children at a faster rate than ever. Because these are valuable goals, we should continue to ban gay marriage to continue our success in maintaining this important institution.
 
Put the argument in standard form. What is the mistake in the argument? (Points : 14)      
      

Question 12.12. (TCOs 1, 2, 3, and 6) Define the argument that is presented. Explain how it differs from a deductive argument. Explain the requirements that must be met for it to be successful.
 
Every sale I?ve been to at Harold?s Shoe Store has yielded great deals, so I?m sure I?ll get a great deal on shoes there tomorrow during the sale. (Points : 14)      
      

Question 13.13. (TCOs 1, 2, 3, and 6) Critique the sampling argument.
 
Every college on the East Coast where I?ve been a student emphasizes classical thought, so it?s pretty obvious that classical thought is a bigger concern there. (Points : 14)      
      

Question 14.14. (TCOs 1, 2, 3, and 6) Define the type of argument. Explain how it differs from a deductive argument. Explain the requirements that it must meet for it to be successful.
 
Every time there is a solar flare the crops fail. So, it?s clear that solar flares cause crop failures. (Points : 14)      
      

Question 15.15. (TCOs 1, 2, and 7) Offer an alternative theory to the one presented to explain the phenomenon in question.
 
Living standards increased during the 1980s in the United States as a result of an increase in government-provided welfare programs. (Points : 14)      
      

Question 16.16. (TCOs 1 and 5) Identify the vague or ambiguous language. Then clarify the language.
 
The average American family has 3.2 members. (Points : 14)      
      

Question 17.

17. (TCOs 1, 2, 3, and 5) Assess the following argument. Put it into standard form, and clarify vague or unclear language.
 
Space cannot be expanding unless it is finite. But space is not finite. Hence, space cannot be expanding.
 
(Points : 14)