(solution) 1-Graduate students almost never attend graduate school at the

(solution) 1-Graduate students almost never attend graduate school at the

1-Graduate students almost never attend graduate school at the institution where they were undergraduates, which means that a new graduate student is almost always living in a new and unfamiliar town. It’s logical that many new grad students form social bonds and share activities. One popular activity is to gather after class for beer and pizza. If a new grad student doesn’t like beer or pizza, but accompanies the group anyway because he wants to make friends, this is an example of: A-internalization. B-compliance. C-out-groups. D-shared values. E-identification. 2-According to labeling theory, why were none of the pseudopatients in David Rosenhan’s “On Being Sane in Insane Places” discovered? A-They all were really mentally ill, at least to some extent. B-They did everything they could to simulate mental illness. C-They were well coached in the symptoms that real patients would experience. D-Psychiatry is not a real science. E-Once a person has been labeled “mentally ill,” it is very hard for anyone to see past the label. 3-Although we usually think of social mobility as a result of individual effort, during the “dot-com boom” of the late 1990s, many people became instant millionaires. This is an example of: A-structural mobility. B-wise investing. C-savvy technological genius. D-horizontal mobility. E-social change. 4- Shortly after the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, there were a number of attacks on Arab Americans (and people who were mistakenly identified as Arab Americans), as their identity had become stigmatized. What sort of stigma was this? A-moral stigma B-symbolic stigma C-religious stigma D-tribal stigma E-physical stigma 5-In 1978 Jim Jones, the leader of the People’s Temple, led more than 900 of his followers to commit suicide by drinking poisoned Kool-Aid. In the run up to this event, Jones had strictly enforced discipline, mocking and ridiculing anyone who expressed doubts, at times even having doubters sedated. This extreme effort to enforce conformity is an example of: A-the expressive self. B-the Twenty Statements Test. C-bureaucracy. D-peer pressure. E-an out-group. 6- What makes the just-world hypothesis psychologically appealing to the average person? 1-It is supported by a wealth of empirical data. 2-Most people’s everyday experiences teach them that society tends to distribute rewards and punishments fairly. 3-Many people have a fear and loathing of the poor, which makes it easy to believe that the poor deserve whatever misfortune they are handed. 4-Most people have a strong need to believe that the world is orderly, predictable, and fair. 5-Many people develop skewed perceptions based on their worst experiences with the poor, which makes it hard for them to see things objectively 7- What do sociologists call it when large numbers of people move up or down the social class ladder as a result of changes to society as a whole? A-social welfare B-structural mobility C-horizontal mobility D-intergenerational mobility E-social caste 8- What is the relationship between the American Dream and the system of social class through which the United States is stratified? A-The American Dream promises that one day social stratification will be overcome. B-People who believe in the American Dream can usually overcome the class system. C-The American Dream is a nice idea, but everyone really knows that it’s just an inconsequential daydream. D-Hardly anyone knows what the American Dream is anymore. E-The American Dream legitimizes inequality by reinforcing the idea that everyone has the same chance to get ahead.