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(solution) Q1. Unlike Plato, Aristotle in the Poetics views poetry as a.


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Q1. Unlike Plato, Aristotle in the Poetics views poetry as

 

a. detrimental to an ideal republic.

 

b. superior to history.

 

c. inferior to history.

 

d. completely realistic. Q2. The Pre-Socratic thinkers were primarily concerned with discovering the

 

a. existence of the human soul.

 

b. principles of mathematics.

 

c. origin of the gods.

 

d. ultimate unifying principle of matter. Q3. The statement "Man is the measure of all things" is attributed to

 

a. Plato.

 

b. Aristotle.

 

c. Socrates.

 

d. Protagoras. Q4. The view expressed in Aristotle's Politics is that individuals cannot live a truly virtuous

 

life outside of the

 

a. state.

 

b. family.

 

c. temple.

 

d. military. Q5. As a whole, the Greek philosophers were most interested in discovering

 

a. relativistic principles.

 

b. mystical knowledge.

 

c. the unknown territories of Hyperborea. d. universal principles of rationality. Q6. According to Plato, the soul's basis for judging experience is

 

a. trial and error.

 

b. its previous existence.

 

c. intuition.

 

d. prayer. Q7. Pythagoras put forth the theory that all objects in the universe were reducible to

 

a. atoms.

 

b. numbers.

 

c. five basic elements.

 

d. three basic elements. Q8. According to Plato's Allegory of the Cave, the journey from the underground den to

 

sunlight symbolizes the

 

a. rise of the lower class to power.

 

b. ascent of the soul to the ideal world of the Forms.

 

c. individual's realization of a monotheistic god, symbolized by the sun.

 

d. appreciation of Greek art. Q9. According to Plato's Allegory of the Cave, the chained human beings believe the

 

shadows on the wall to be

 

a. imaginary.

 

b. illusory.

 

c. ideal.

 

d. real. Q10. Which Greek thinker believed that the soul died with the physical body?

 

a. Socrates

 

b. Aristotle c. Plato

 

d. Pythagoras Q11. The Pax Romana refers to a two-hundred-year era of peace and prosperity initiated

 

under the reign of

 

a. Julius Caesar.

 

b. Augustus Caesar.

 

c. Nero.

 

d. Marcus Aurelius. Q12. How did Greek culture change as a result of Alexander's conquests?

 

a. It was destroyed by the cultures of the conquered peoples.

 

b. It became warlike and unsophisticated.

 

c. It became increasingly sophisticated and complex.

 

d. It merged with Roman culture. Q13. Stoicism, which arose as a philosophical doctrine at the end of the fourth century

 

B.C., maintained that the divine essence behind all human activity was

 

a. immortality.

 

b. reason.

 

c. perfection.

 

d. suffering. Q14. The Epicureans urged their followers to seek happiness by

 

a. maximizing pleasure and minimizing pain.

 

b. adhering to absolute standards of good and evil.

 

c. accumulating wealth.

 

d. all of the above. Q15. According to Horace, poetry should be both

 

a. strong and sharp. b. pleasing and useful.

 

c. optimistic and pessimistic.

 

d. practical and patriotic. Q16. The power of a Roman dictator was limited because he

 

a. always ruled along with a co-dictator.

 

b. ruled alongside a council of generals.

 

c. ruled only in time of peace.

 

d. ruled only for a period of six months. Q17. Who employed satire in his work to expose the vices and follies of individuals and

 

society?

 

a. Lucretius

 

b. Virgil

 

c. Horace

 

d. Cicero Q18. Stoicism taught that humans should react to the world around them by

 

a. trying to make it better for others.

 

b. trying to leave it as soon as possible.

 

c. maximizing their own pleasure as much as possible.

 

d. accepting it for what it was. Q19. Cicero's On the Laws states that all human beings

 

a. have an equal capacity to learn.

 

b. are not equal.

 

c. cannot attain virtue.

 

d. need not learn the principles of right living. Q20. The work of ______________ initiated the tradition of the written epic in Western

 

literature. a. Virgil

 

b. Cicero

 

c. Horace

 

d. Juvenal Q21. Most of the invaders who overran the Roman Empire beginning in the fifth century

 

were ______________ in origin.

 

a. Arabic

 

b. Germanic

 

c. French

 

d. Persian Q22. Which statement about early Christianity is incorrect?

 

a. The original followers of Jesus were Jews who decided to start a new religion.

 

b. Paul originally viewed the Christians as dangerous fanatics.

 

c. Paul gave a universalist interpretation to the teachings of Jesus.

 

d. Early Christians relied heavily on the prophetic books of the Jewish Bible. Q23. From the mid-eighth to the sixth century B.C., the spiritual life of Jews was dominated

 

by a succession of

 

a. powerful kings.

 

b. powerful female mystics.

 

c. prophets.

 

d. religious schisms. Q24. The cornerstone of Judaic theology is

 

a. the belief in one God.

 

b. acceptance of the authority of the rabbi.

 

c. tolerance of other religions.

 

d. as assumption that the world is moving towards perfection. Q25. The first king who ruled over Israel as a united people was

 

a. Joshua.

 

b. Saul.

 

c. David.

 

d. Solomon. Q26. The earliest form of church sculpture was the

 

a. caryatid.

 

b. sarcophagus.

 

c. pilaster.

 

d. kore. Q27. From the third century A.D., Christian communities called ______________ had been

 

founded in remote places, emphasizing an ascetic lifestyle, common worship, and mutual

 

service.

 

a. monasteries

 

b. basilicas

 

c. cathedrals

 

d. churches Q28. The event that marked the beginning of the diaspora, or exile of the Jews, was the

 

a. building of King Solomon's temple.

 

b. destruction of the Jewish temple by the Roman army.

 

c. fall of Canaan.

 

d. conquest of the Holy Land by the Philistines. Q29. The "covenant" traditionally signifies the

 

a. relationship between Abraham (and later Moses) and Jahweh.

 

b. merging of Judaic and early Christian beliefs.

 

c. joining of the Old and New Testaments into the Bible.

 

d. Ten Commandments given to Moses by Jahweh. Q30. The shift from a culture centered primarily on human beings to one centered primarily

 

on an all-powerful, transcendent God is representative of the

 

a. Romans.

 

b. Egyptians.

 

c. Greeks.

 

d. Hebrews. Q31. In the last two excerpts from the Quran, God (Allah) is referred to as

 

a. just.

 

b. merciful.

 

c. hateful.

 

d. both merciful and compassionate. Q32. Built at the city of Granada, the ________________ Palace marks the high point of Muslim

 

palace construction in Spain.

 

a. Dome of the Rock

 

b. Alhambra

 

c. Cordoba

 

d. Mshatta Q33. In the early eighth century, the issue of ___________________ marked a major crisis in

 

East-West relations.

 

a. papal primacy

 

b. the crusades

 

c. religious toleration

 

d. iconoclasm Q34. The Crusades were a two-hundred-year effort to

 

a. convert pagans to Christianity.

 

b. free the holy places of Christianity from Muslim rule.

 

c. punish the evildoers and plunder the Holy Land. d. seize additional territory for western Europe. Q35. The architecture of mosques is characterized by

 

a. elaborate decoration of flat surfaces.

 

b. small, confined interior spaces divided into many rooms.

 

c. statues of Mohammed and his descendants.

 

d. all of the above. Q36. Islam means

 

a. submission to the will of God.

 

b. God's love and compassion.

 

c. facing the Day of Judgment.

 

d. the revelations of the Prophet. Q37. According to tradition, the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem marks the spot where

 

a. Moses received the Ten Commandments.

 

b. Jesus delivered his Sermon on the Mount.

 

c. Muhammad ascended to heaven.

 

d. all of the above. Q38. When the Roman Empire broke apart in the fifth century, over time the Eastern

 

Roman Empire became known as

 

a. Slavic Europe.

 

b. the Holy Roman Empire.

 

c. the Byzantine Empire.

 

d. Muslim Europe. Q39. A major goal of Justinian's empire was to

 

a. spread Roman power to the east.

 

b. defeat and hold back Germanic invaders.

 

c. defend and expand Christianity. d. defend the West against the spread of Islam. Q40. Compared to Western Roman Catholics, Eastern or Greek Orthodox believers were

 

more

 

a. mystical.

 

b. rational.

 

c. legalistic.

 

d. ritualistic.

 


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