(solution) Question 1. 1. The degree to which the person has a favorable or

(solution) Question 1. 1. The degree to which the person has a favorable or

Question 1. 1. The degree to which the person has a favorable or unfavorable evaluation of the behavior in question is . . . (Points : 1) precontemplation contemplation preparation action maintenance Question 2. 2. An alcoholic who removes all reminders of his drinking from his house and adds cues related to not drinking is practicing . . . (Points : 1) stimulus control consciousness raising dramatic relief self-evaluation Question 3. 3. Which is not a critical assumption of the transtheorectical model? (Points : 1) one theory accounts for behavior change behavior change is a process of stages stages are both stable and open to change the majority are not prepared for action processes should match stages Question 4. 4. If you are disclosing publicly, your attempt to change your behavior you are performing . . . (Points : 1) counter conditioning stimulus control consiousness raising commitment or self-liberation Question 5. 5. Which of the following is NOT considered a category of key components of the Social Cognitive Theory? (Points : 1) psychological determinants of behavior. moral engagement. observational learning environmental determinants of behavior. self-regulation Question 6. 6. A smoker who feels that the suffering of others due to second hand smoke is acceptable because she does not accept her own need to self-regulate is illustrating the concept . . . (Points : 1) moral disengagement. self-regulation. collective efficacy. outcome expectations. incentive motivation. Question 7. 7. According to Social Cognitive Theory which of the following is true? (Points : 1) Social Cognitive Theory includes a focus on individuals’ abilities to construct environments to suit purposes derived for themselves. According to the psychological determinants of behavior in Social Cognitive Theory, people’s actions are based solely on objective reality. Social Cognitive Theory is narrow and seeks to provide explanation for a a small range of human phenomena. Reciprocal determinism, observational learning, and primary appraisal are keys constructs of Social Cognitive Theory Question 8. 8. The American Cancer Society offered telephone counseling services to help smokers quit enhancing which capability of SCT? (Points : 1) vicarious learning. modeling behavior. self-reflection. self-regulation. Question 9. 9. Using interactive computer-assisted guidance, internet communication can serve as . . . (Points : 1) a source of modeling, social support and reinforcement. a source of biofeedback. a source of instrumental support. a source of passive learning. Question 10. 10. Of the four broad types of social support, which involves the provision of information that is useful for self-evaluation? (Points : 1) emotional support instrumental support informational support appraisal support Question 11. 11. Heterosexism and agism are best categorized in the __________ function of a social network. (Points : 1) social capital social support social undermining social influence Question 12. 12. Which of the following is TRUE of social relationship and health? (Points : 1) The association between social relationships and health follows a dose-response curve. Having at least one strong intimate relationship is an important predictor of good heatlh. Severe social isolation in African American elderly women is associated with decreased mortality. There is no threshold level of social relationships. Question 13. 13. An example of a member of a formal helping network is a . . . (Points : 1) health care professional. coworker. supervisor. relative. Question 14. 14. Which of the following is TRUE? (Points : 1) The objective behaviors involved in interactions are more strongly linked to health and well-being than the perception of support. Perceptions of support are highly correlated with objective behaviors. Previous experience of support does not influence perception of support. The perceptions of support recipients are more strongly linked to health and well-being than the objective behaviors involved in the interactions. Question 15. 15. In a self-help or mutual aid group . . . (Points : 1) the roles of support provider and support recipient are shared among the members. Mentors who have already coped with the situation are the leaders. The leader introduces a buddy system. existing social netwroks are employed. Question 16. 16. A direct physiological effect of stress that contributes to illness is . . . (Points : 1) smoking due to stress. poor eating habits due to stress. not known. activation of the sympathetic nervous system. Question 17. 17. Holmes and Rahe developed the Social Readjustment Rating Scale to . . . (Points : 1) identify and quantify potential stressors. be used for downward comparisons. measure physiological reactions to stress. measure perception of stressors. Question 18. 18. Active coping, problem solving and information seeking are examples of . . . (Points : 1) emotional regulation. seeking social support. problem-focused coping. secondary appraisals. Question 19. 19. Those who seek information are called _________ and those who avoid information are called _______________. (Points : 1) information seekers; information avoiders watchdogs; ostriches literates;illiterates monitors; blunters Question 20. 20. According to Cannon, _____________is the reaction to stress. (Points : 1) fight or flight tend and befriend alarm and resistance appraisal and coping Question 21. 21. In the Transactional Theory of Stress and Coping, a person evaluates the potential harm or threat in the _________. (Points : 1) primary appraisal secondary appraisal coping efforts outcomes Question 22. 22. In the Transactional Theory of Stress and Coping, an assessment of the person’s coping resources and options is _________. (Points : 1) primary appraisal secondary appraisal coping efforts outcomes Question 23. 23. ___________ are conceptualized as dispositional or stable characteristics of the individual. (Points : 1) coping efforts coping strategies coping styles self-efficacies Question 24. 24. The tendency to have positive generalized expectations for outcomes is called . . . (Points : 1) pessimism procrastination out of touch dispositional optimism Question 25. 25. High-risk African American women with high levels of belief in God’s control over their health may be _______to adhere to recommendations for CBE and mammography. (Points : 1) more likely less likely as likely Question 26. 26. The extent to which resources and support are both given and received in a relationship is called . . . (Points : 1) intensity. reciprocity. density. viscosity. Question 27. 27. The extent to which relationships serve many functions is called . . . (Points : 1) reciprocity. intensity. complexity. flash point. Question 28. 28. The extent to which network members live in close proximity to focal person is called . . . (Points : 1) geography dispersion. density. reciprocity. intensity. Question 29. 29. The extent to which network members are demographically similar is … (Points : 1) Density Complexity Intensity Homogeneity Question 30. 30. Getting a ride to the hospital is an example of _________ support. (Points : 1) Emotional Instrumental Appraisal Informational Question 31. 31. CHOOSE 5 QUESTIONS TO ANSWER FROM CHOICES BELOW Each of the short answer questions is worth 4 points for a total of 20 points. You may answer all for potential extra credit. Disregard points listed in parenthesis. (Points : 10) Question 32. 32. You are taking a walk through a local park and you notice an overweight teenage girl with a box of Krispy Kreme doughnuts. You slow down so that you can see what she is doing. As you watch, she eats a total of 6 doughnuts in quick succession. You wonder, “Why is she doing this?” You spend the rest of your walk thinking about the factors that might lead her to eat so many doughnuts andwhat types of interventions might change her eating behavior. 1. List 3 factors that you think may have influenced the girl’s behavior. 2. List 3 possible interventions that could be undertaken to change the girl’s behavior. (Points : 4) Question 33. 33. Walter Garcia is a 60 year old Filipino man living at home with his extended family, His doctor diagnosed him as having high blood pressure and has prescribed blood pressure medication. She also wants Mr. Garcia to lower sodium intake and walk 30 minutes per day. Mr. Garcia hates taking medication and loves soy sauce. Apply the Social Support Network Theory to help Mr. Garcia take his medication and decrease salt intake and exercise. (Points : 4) Question 34. 34. Eisenhower High school has invited you to attend a planning meeting regarding teen pregnancy protection. The school is located in a middle income neighborhood of a large suburban area. It has an especially high rate of pregnant teens especially among Latinas. Apply social constructs of the Social Cognitive Theory to intervention opportunities. (Points : 4) Question 35. 35. Identify key constructs from the Transactional Model of Stress and Coping that are similar to those in the Health Belief Model. Illustrate how the two models could be used together to understand a person’s response to a health threat. (Points : 4) Question 36. 36. How have new technologies such as the Internet increased social networks? What are the benefits and hazards? How do you think technology will expand again: what will next increase social networks? (Points : 4) Question 37. 37. Use constructs from Social Cognitive Theory to explain why some can overcome great odds to change lives and behaviors, while others, apparently similar, are “stuck” and cannot change? Examples might include cancer survivors, injured athletes who persist, or even the success of the Holocaust underground. What makes the difference? (Points : 1) Question 38. 38. Think about what could make an individual regress in the Stages of Change. For example, it typically takes numerous attempts for one to lose weight. Think about some of the reasons and think about how you would support an individual going through these stages. (Points : 1) Question 39. 39. What are the pros and cons of using a theory? How will you pick on theory over another? Explain your rationale. How do you see the theories working together? How might it change your practice? (Points : 1) Question 40. 40. While you are attempting to encourage people to change their behavior to be more health-promoting, how will you respect their freedom of choice? How will you respond if the individuals or groups don’t appear to want to change the behavior? (Points : 1) Question 41. 41. The text says that more attention should be paid to maintenance of behavior change. What types of strategies would you recommend to improve behavior change maintenance? Think of a person who has quit tobacco but lives and works in an environment where tobacco and smoking are commonplace. (Points : 1)