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(solution) Northcentral University Comprehensive Exam CMP9500B Question 1:


I have a huge exam that is due and need help.  Please see attachment.  I need help with all 4 questions. Responses must be complete along with the specified amount of references.

My specialization is Health Care Administration






Northcentral University

 


 

Comprehensive Exam

 

CMP9500B

 

Question 1: Theory

 

Theories play a vitally important role in guiding research and organizing and making sense

 

of research findings. In spite of the great importance of theory-building and theory testing

 

within your field of specialization, there is no generally accepted conception of what a theory

 

is. Because your dissertation must contribute to theory, you must have a clear

 

understanding of the variety of conceptions of theory, types of theories, and ways of

 

contributing to theory and be able to justify how, exactly, your study contributes to theory.

 

Part 1

 

Using Gelso (2006), Harlow (2009), Wacker (1998), and five additional peer-reviewed articles

 

from your specialization, discuss scholarly views on the nature and types of theory. Compare

 

and contrast at least three views of what constitutes a theory, including the view you will

 

use in Part 3 of this question. Be sure to distinguish theory from related concepts, such as

 

hypothesis, paradigm, model, and concept.

 

Part 2

 

Using Ellis & Levy (2008), Harlow, E. (2009), and five additional peer-reviewed articles,

 

review the scholarly literature on the relationship between theory and research and the ways

 

research (quantitative and qualitative) can contribute to theory. Discuss at least three ways

 

research can contribute to theory.

 

Part 3

 

Pick a theory (in one of the views of what constitutes a theory that you identified in Part 1) of

 

current interest directly related to the topic area of your dissertation. A theory is currently of

 

interest if there are articles published on it in the past five years. Using at least 10

 

published, peer-reviewed research articles:

 

1. Explain how the theory adds or may add to our understanding of your field and/or

 

research topic.

 

2. Discuss and analyze the literature on two areas of controversy or unanswered questions

 

related to the theory.

 

The structure of your paper should be as follows:

 

Title page

 

Body (10-15 pages, no more or less; APA Style; use appropriate headings for

 

organization of the paper)

 

References (APA Style)

 

Learning Outcomes:

 

1. Compose a theoretically sound and conceptually rich essay that demonstrates knowledge

 

of fundamental subject areas of a Learner's academic discipline and specialization.

 


 

SBoTM

 

Page 1 of 6

 


 

© 2011 Northcentral University

 

10000 E. University Dr, Prescott Valley, AZ 86314 USA

 

www.ncu.edu p: 928-541-7777 f: 928-541-7817

 


 

1-30-2012

 


 

Northcentral University

 


 

Comprehensive Exam

 

CMP9500B

 

Question 2: Practical Application

 

Your dissertation research must contribute to theory. Your research and the theory to which it

 

contributes may or may not have a practical benefit or application. There is no doubt,

 

however, that there is a theory in your dissertation topic area that does have a practical

 

application.

 

Part 1

 

Referencing at least five peer-reviewed journal articles or scholarly books, discuss views on

 

the relationship between theory and application or practice. How can a theory guide or

 

inform practice? What are the issues involved in translating theory into practice? Be sure to

 

keep in mind the various conceptions of theory you discussed in Question 1.

 

Part 2

 

Referencing at least five peer-reviewed journal articles, fully describe a theory of current

 

interest in your topic area. A theory is currently of interest if there are articles published on it

 

in the past five years. This theory may or may not be the same as the one you examined in

 

Question 1, Part 3. Describe a current view of the theory, not the founder?s view or a classic

 

view. Your answer should be no more than three pages long.

 

Part 3

 

Identify at least five scholarly articles (published in the last 5 years) that address how the

 

theory you discussed in Part 2 has actually been applied. (Draw on your response to Part 1 in

 

order to define what you mean by an application of a theory to an actual problem or

 

situation.) Critically evaluate the appropriateness of the uses to which the theory has been

 

applied. Consider, for example: Are the applications premised upon an accurate

 

understanding of the theory and its scope? Do the applications ?go beyond? what the theory

 

claims? Is the reasoning linking application and theory sound?

 

The structure of your paper should be as follows:

 

Title page

 

Body (10-15 pages, no more or less; APA Style; use appropriate headings for

 

organization of the paper)

 

References (APA Style)

 

Learning Outcomes:

 

2. Critique existing research and design a methodologically sound approach to research in

 

the Learner's academic specialization(s).

 


 

SBoTM

 

Page 2 of 6

 


 

© 2011 Northcentral University

 

10000 E. University Dr, Prescott Valley, AZ 86314 USA

 

www.ncu.edu p: 928-541-7777 f: 928-541-7817

 


 

1-30-2012

 


 

Northcentral University

 


 

Comprehensive Exam

 

CMP9500B

 

Question 3: Research

 

The ability to read, understand, critique, and integrate research studies and to design a

 

study to address a gap in the research literature is a vital for a doctoral Learner. As you write

 

your dissertation, you may be reading hundreds of studies, many of which you will evaluate

 

as part of a coherent literature review.

 

Select five empirical articles from peer-reviewed journals that:

 

? you consider critical to your understanding of your area of dissertation research

 

? all address a particular phenomenon and attempt to contribute to theory about it

 

Part 1

 

1. Describe each study, including:

 

? the research problem, questions, or hypotheses

 

? the research purpose

 

? type of design and elements of the design (e.g., sample, data analysis,

 

operationalization of constructs)

 

? threats to validity and if and how they were addressed

 

? the findings and their implications

 

2. Critically evaluate each study: Does the author make a compelling case for the meaning

 

and significance of the findings?

 

Part 2

 

Write a literature review that explains what is known and not known about the phenomenon

 

based on a critical evaluation of the five studies.

 

Part 3

 

Develop a research question that addresses one of the unknowns you identified in Part 2 and

 

sketch a quantitative or qualitative study that can answer the question about what is

 

unknown and contribute to theory (in some sense of theory you discuss in Question 1).

 

Address:

 

? the research purpose

 

? type of design and elements of the design (e.g., sample, the type of data you need

 

to collect and how you will collect it, data analysis)

 

? the strengths and weaknesses of your envisioned design and methods

 

? quantitative: threats to validity and how your design will address them

 

? quantitative: the constructs you will measure and what you will do in order to

 

determine how to operationalize them (you need not identify specific measures)

 

? qualitative: your means of ensuring the quality of your findings

 

? justification for why your chosen design and methods are more appropriate for your

 

research question than alternatives you have considered

 

? your methods of data analysis

 

? how the data you collect will enable you to answer your research question and

 

contribute to theory

 

Draw on the additional resources for this course for guidance in understanding the concepts

 

(e.g., internal validity, threats to validity, and operationalization) needed to address this

 

question.

 

The structure of your paper should be as follows:

 

SBoTM

 

Page 3 of 6

 


 

© 2011 Northcentral University

 

10000 E. University Dr, Prescott Valley, AZ 86314 USA

 

www.ncu.edu p: 928-541-7777 f: 928-541-7817

 


 

1-30-2012

 


 

Northcentral University

 


 

Comprehensive Exam

 

CMP9500B

 


 

Title page

 

Body (10-15 pages, no more or less; APA Style; use appropriate headings for

 

organization of the paper)

 

References (APA Style)

 

Learning Outcomes:

 

3. Apply relevant theory and research from the Learner's specialization coursework to real

 

life situations where he or she solves specific problems and discusses implications.

 


 

SBoTM

 

Page 4 of 6

 


 

© 2011 Northcentral University

 

10000 E. University Dr, Prescott Valley, AZ 86314 USA

 

www.ncu.edu p: 928-541-7777 f: 928-541-7817

 


 

1-30-2012

 


 

Northcentral University

 


 

Comprehensive Exam

 

CMP9500B

 

Question 4: Ethics

 

As you know, scientific research must be conducted in accordance with ethical principles.

 

The ethical principles of research are defined in:

 

Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct

 

Standard 8: Research and Publication

 

http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx

 

The National Academy Of Sciences, National Academy Of Engineering, and Institute Of

 

Medicine Of The National Academies have a more detailed and comprehensive set of ethical

 

guidelines for scientific research:

 

Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy (U.S.), National Academy of Sciences

 

(U.S.), National Academy of Engineering., & Institute of Medicine (U.S.). (2009) On being a

 

scientist: A guide to responsible conduct in research, (3rd ed.). Washington, D.C: National

 

Academies Press.

 

http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=12192

 

Write a paper in which you discuss how you will ensure that all aspects of your doctoral

 

research, from literature review to conducting research, to writing the dissertation

 

manuscript will be done with care and integrity and will meet the ethical standards of

 

scientific research. Reference the two publications above and at least five additional peerreviewed articles.

 

You must justify all the steps you will take to ensure the ethical integrity of your dissertation

 

project and not simply describe standard practice. You must show that you have your own

 

clear set of ethical principles and that you know how to apply them to your work. You must

 

do more than just paraphrase ethical guidelines. You must explain specifically how you will

 

apply published ethical guidelines and concepts to what you will do in your research (as you

 

envision it at this point).

 

Be sure to address the following:

 

?

 

?

 

?

 

?

 

?

 

?

 

?

 

?

 


 

Plagiarism

 

Risk assessment

 

Informed consent

 

Privacy and confidentiality

 

Data handling and reporting

 

Mistakes and negligence

 

Working with a Mentor

 

Northcentral University requirements for IRB approval

 


 

Conclude your paper with your thoughts on the following statement:

 

Ethical scientific researchers have a commitment to all who are touched by their research?

 

participants who share their lives and time, mentors and advisors, reviewers, future readers,

 

and supporters and cheerleaders on the journey?to take care and do their work well.

 

The structure of your paper should be as follows:

 

Title page

 

SBoTM

 

Page 5 of 6

 


 

© 2011 Northcentral University

 

10000 E. University Dr, Prescott Valley, AZ 86314 USA

 

www.ncu.edu p: 928-541-7777 f: 928-541-7817

 


 

1-30-2012

 


 

Northcentral University

 


 

Comprehensive Exam

 

CMP9500B

 


 

Body (10-15 pages, no more or less; APA Style; use appropriate headings for

 

organization of the paper)

 

References (APA Style)

 

Learning Outcomes:

 

4. Integrate knowledge of ethical practices with principles of professional practice as it

 

applies to specific scenarios within the Learner's academic discipline and specialization.er's

 

academic discipline and specialization.

 


 

SBoTM

 

Page 6 of 6

 


 

© 2011 Northcentral University

 

10000 E. University Dr, Prescott Valley, AZ 86314 USA

 

www.ncu.edu p: 928-541-7777 f: 928-541-7817

 


 

1-30-2012

 


 

 


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