(solution) Northcentral University Comprehensive Exam CMP9500B Question 1:

(solution) Northcentral University Comprehensive Exam CMP9500B Question 1:

I have a huge exam that is due and need help.  Please see attachment.  I need help with all 4 questions. Responses must be complete along with the specified amount of references.

My specialization is Health Care Administration

Northcentral University

Comprehensive Exam
CMP9500B
Question 1: Theory
Theories play a vitally important role in guiding research and organizing and making sense
of research findings. In spite of the great importance of theory-building and theory testing
within your field of specialization, there is no generally accepted conception of what a theory
is. Because your dissertation must contribute to theory, you must have a clear
understanding of the variety of conceptions of theory, types of theories, and ways of
contributing to theory and be able to justify how, exactly, your study contributes to theory.
Part 1
Using Gelso (2006), Harlow (2009), Wacker (1998), and five additional peer-reviewed articles
from your specialization, discuss scholarly views on the nature and types of theory. Compare
and contrast at least three views of what constitutes a theory, including the view you will
use in Part 3 of this question. Be sure to distinguish theory from related concepts, such as
hypothesis, paradigm, model, and concept.
Part 2
Using Ellis & Levy (2008), Harlow, E. (2009), and five additional peer-reviewed articles,
review the scholarly literature on the relationship between theory and research and the ways
research (quantitative and qualitative) can contribute to theory. Discuss at least three ways
research can contribute to theory.
Part 3
Pick a theory (in one of the views of what constitutes a theory that you identified in Part 1) of
current interest directly related to the topic area of your dissertation. A theory is currently of
interest if there are articles published on it in the past five years. Using at least 10
published, peer-reviewed research articles:
1. Explain how the theory adds or may add to our understanding of your field and/or
research topic.
2. Discuss and analyze the literature on two areas of controversy or unanswered questions
related to the theory.
The structure of your paper should be as follows:
Title page
Body (10-15 pages, no more or less; APA Style; use appropriate headings for
organization of the paper)
References (APA Style)
Learning Outcomes:
1. Compose a theoretically sound and conceptually rich essay that demonstrates knowledge
of fundamental subject areas of a Learner's academic discipline and specialization.

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© 2011 Northcentral University
10000 E. University Dr, Prescott Valley, AZ 86314 USA
www.ncu.edu p: 928-541-7777 f: 928-541-7817

1-30-2012

Northcentral University

Comprehensive Exam
CMP9500B
Question 2: Practical Application
Your dissertation research must contribute to theory. Your research and the theory to which it
contributes may or may not have a practical benefit or application. There is no doubt,
however, that there is a theory in your dissertation topic area that does have a practical
application.
Part 1
Referencing at least five peer-reviewed journal articles or scholarly books, discuss views on
the relationship between theory and application or practice. How can a theory guide or
inform practice? What are the issues involved in translating theory into practice? Be sure to
keep in mind the various conceptions of theory you discussed in Question 1.
Part 2
Referencing at least five peer-reviewed journal articles, fully describe a theory of current
interest in your topic area. A theory is currently of interest if there are articles published on it
in the past five years. This theory may or may not be the same as the one you examined in
Question 1, Part 3. Describe a current view of the theory, not the founder?s view or a classic
view. Your answer should be no more than three pages long.
Part 3
Identify at least five scholarly articles (published in the last 5 years) that address how the
theory you discussed in Part 2 has actually been applied. (Draw on your response to Part 1 in
order to define what you mean by an application of a theory to an actual problem or
situation.) Critically evaluate the appropriateness of the uses to which the theory has been
applied. Consider, for example: Are the applications premised upon an accurate
understanding of the theory and its scope? Do the applications ?go beyond? what the theory
claims? Is the reasoning linking application and theory sound?
The structure of your paper should be as follows:
Title page
Body (10-15 pages, no more or less; APA Style; use appropriate headings for
organization of the paper)
References (APA Style)
Learning Outcomes:
2. Critique existing research and design a methodologically sound approach to research in
the Learner's academic specialization(s).

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© 2011 Northcentral University
10000 E. University Dr, Prescott Valley, AZ 86314 USA
www.ncu.edu p: 928-541-7777 f: 928-541-7817

1-30-2012

Northcentral University

Comprehensive Exam
CMP9500B
Question 3: Research
The ability to read, understand, critique, and integrate research studies and to design a
study to address a gap in the research literature is a vital for a doctoral Learner. As you write
your dissertation, you may be reading hundreds of studies, many of which you will evaluate
as part of a coherent literature review.
Select five empirical articles from peer-reviewed journals that:
? you consider critical to your understanding of your area of dissertation research
? all address a particular phenomenon and attempt to contribute to theory about it
Part 1
1. Describe each study, including:
? the research problem, questions, or hypotheses
? the research purpose
? type of design and elements of the design (e.g., sample, data analysis,
operationalization of constructs)
? threats to validity and if and how they were addressed
? the findings and their implications
2. Critically evaluate each study: Does the author make a compelling case for the meaning
and significance of the findings?
Part 2
Write a literature review that explains what is known and not known about the phenomenon
based on a critical evaluation of the five studies.
Part 3
Develop a research question that addresses one of the unknowns you identified in Part 2 and
sketch a quantitative or qualitative study that can answer the question about what is
unknown and contribute to theory (in some sense of theory you discuss in Question 1).
Address:
? the research purpose
? type of design and elements of the design (e.g., sample, the type of data you need
to collect and how you will collect it, data analysis)
? the strengths and weaknesses of your envisioned design and methods
? quantitative: threats to validity and how your design will address them
? quantitative: the constructs you will measure and what you will do in order to
determine how to operationalize them (you need not identify specific measures)
? qualitative: your means of ensuring the quality of your findings
? justification for why your chosen design and methods are more appropriate for your
research question than alternatives you have considered
? your methods of data analysis
? how the data you collect will enable you to answer your research question and
contribute to theory
Draw on the additional resources for this course for guidance in understanding the concepts
(e.g., internal validity, threats to validity, and operationalization) needed to address this
question.
The structure of your paper should be as follows:
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© 2011 Northcentral University
10000 E. University Dr, Prescott Valley, AZ 86314 USA
www.ncu.edu p: 928-541-7777 f: 928-541-7817

1-30-2012

Northcentral University

Comprehensive Exam
CMP9500B

Title page
Body (10-15 pages, no more or less; APA Style; use appropriate headings for
organization of the paper)
References (APA Style)
Learning Outcomes:
3. Apply relevant theory and research from the Learner's specialization coursework to real
life situations where he or she solves specific problems and discusses implications.

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© 2011 Northcentral University
10000 E. University Dr, Prescott Valley, AZ 86314 USA
www.ncu.edu p: 928-541-7777 f: 928-541-7817

1-30-2012

Northcentral University

Comprehensive Exam
CMP9500B
Question 4: Ethics
As you know, scientific research must be conducted in accordance with ethical principles.
The ethical principles of research are defined in:
Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct
Standard 8: Research and Publication
http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx
The National Academy Of Sciences, National Academy Of Engineering, and Institute Of
Medicine Of The National Academies have a more detailed and comprehensive set of ethical
guidelines for scientific research:
Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy (U.S.), National Academy of Sciences
(U.S.), National Academy of Engineering., & Institute of Medicine (U.S.). (2009) On being a
scientist: A guide to responsible conduct in research, (3rd ed.). Washington, D.C: National
Academies Press.
http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=12192
Write a paper in which you discuss how you will ensure that all aspects of your doctoral
research, from literature review to conducting research, to writing the dissertation
manuscript will be done with care and integrity and will meet the ethical standards of
scientific research. Reference the two publications above and at least five additional peerreviewed articles.
You must justify all the steps you will take to ensure the ethical integrity of your dissertation
project and not simply describe standard practice. You must show that you have your own
clear set of ethical principles and that you know how to apply them to your work. You must
do more than just paraphrase ethical guidelines. You must explain specifically how you will
apply published ethical guidelines and concepts to what you will do in your research (as you
envision it at this point).
Be sure to address the following:
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?

Plagiarism
Risk assessment
Informed consent
Privacy and confidentiality
Data handling and reporting
Mistakes and negligence
Working with a Mentor
Northcentral University requirements for IRB approval

Conclude your paper with your thoughts on the following statement:
Ethical scientific researchers have a commitment to all who are touched by their research?
participants who share their lives and time, mentors and advisors, reviewers, future readers,
and supporters and cheerleaders on the journey?to take care and do their work well.
The structure of your paper should be as follows:
Title page
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© 2011 Northcentral University
10000 E. University Dr, Prescott Valley, AZ 86314 USA
www.ncu.edu p: 928-541-7777 f: 928-541-7817

1-30-2012

Northcentral University

Comprehensive Exam
CMP9500B

Body (10-15 pages, no more or less; APA Style; use appropriate headings for
organization of the paper)
References (APA Style)
Learning Outcomes:
4. Integrate knowledge of ethical practices with principles of professional practice as it
applies to specific scenarios within the Learner's academic discipline and specialization.er's
academic discipline and specialization.

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© 2011 Northcentral University
10000 E. University Dr, Prescott Valley, AZ 86314 USA
www.ncu.edu p: 928-541-7777 f: 928-541-7817

1-30-2012